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tramontane

[truh-mon-teyn, tram-uh n-teyn] /trəˈmɒn teɪn, ˈtræm ənˌteɪn/
adjective, Also, transmontane
1.
being or situated beyond the mountains.
2.
beyond the Alps as viewed from Italy; transalpine.
3.
of, pertaining to, or coming from the other side of the mountains.
4.
foreign; barbarous.
noun
5.
a person who lives beyond the mountains: formerly applied by the Italians to the peoples beyond the Alps, and by the latter to the Italians.
6.
a foreigner; outlander; barbarian.
7.
a violent, polar wind from the northwest that blows in southern France.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50 for an earlier sense; 1585-95 for def 5; Middle English tramountayne pole star < Italian tramontano < Latin trānsmontānus beyond the mountains. See trans-, mount2, -an

tramontana

[trah-muh n-tah-nuh, -tan-uh; Italian trah-mawn-tah-nah] /ˌtrɑ mənˈtɑ nə, -ˈtæn ə; Italian ˌtrɑ mɔnˈtɑ nɑ/
noun, plural tramontanas Italian, tramontane
[trah-mawn-tah-ne] /ˌtrɑ mɔnˈtɑ nɛ/ (Show IPA)
1.
a cold wind from the north or northeast that blows in the western Mediterranean.
2.
any north wind issuing from a mountainous region.
Origin
1605-15; < Italian, noun use of feminine of tramontano tramontane
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for tramontane

tramontane

/trəˈmɒnteɪn/
adjective
1.
being or coming from the far side of the mountains, esp from the other side of the Alps as seen from Italy
2.
foreign or barbarous
3.
(of a wind) blowing down from the mountains
noun
4.
an inhabitant of a tramontane country
5.
Also called tramontana. a cold dry wind blowing south or southwest from the mountains in Italy and the W Mediterranean
6.
(rare) a foreigner or barbarian
Word Origin
C16: from Italian tramontano, from Latin trānsmontānus, from trans- + montānus, from mōns mountain
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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