tramontane

tramontane

[truh-mon-teyn, tram-uhn-teyn]
adjective Also, transmontane.
1.
being or situated beyond the mountains.
2.
beyond the Alps as viewed from Italy; transalpine.
3.
of, pertaining to, or coming from the other side of the mountains.
4.
foreign; barbarous.
noun
5.
a person who lives beyond the mountains: formerly applied by the Italians to the peoples beyond the Alps, and by the latter to the Italians.
6.
a foreigner; outlander; barbarian.
7.
a violent, polar wind from the northwest that blows in southern France.

Origin:
1300–50 for an earlier sense; 1585–95 for def 5; Middle English tramountayne pole star < Italian tramontano < Latin trānsmontānus beyond the mountains. See trans-, mount2, -an

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tramontana

[trah-muhn-tah-nuh, -tan-uh; Italian trah-mawn-tah-nah]
noun, plural tramontanas Italian, tramontane [trah-mawn-tah-ne] .
1.
a cold wind from the north or northeast that blows in the western Mediterranean.
2.
any north wind issuing from a mountainous region.

Origin:
1605–15; < Italian, noun use of feminine of tramontano tramontane

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
tramontane (trəˈmɒnteɪn)
 
adj
1.  being or coming from the far side of the mountains, esp from the other side of the Alps as seen from Italy
2.  foreign or barbarous
3.  (of a wind) blowing down from the mountains
 
n
4.  an inhabitant of a tramontane country
5.  Also called: tramontana a cold dry wind blowing south or southwest from the mountains in Italy and the W Mediterranean
6.  rare a foreigner or barbarian
 
[C16: from Italian tramontano, from Latin trānsmontānus, from trans- + montānus, from mōns mountain]

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