transect

[tran-sekt]
verb (used with object)
to cut across; dissect transversely.

Origin:
1625–35; tran(s)- + Latin sectus, past participle of secāre to cut, sever (see section)

transection, noun
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World English Dictionary
transect
 
vb
1.  (tr) to cut or divide crossways
 
n
2.  a sample strip of land used to monitor plant distribution, animal populations, etc, within a given area
 
[C17: from Latin trans- + secāre to cut]
 
tran'section
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

transect
"to cut across," 1634, from L. trans- "across" + sectus, pp. of secare "to cut" (see section).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
All along this transect, trade-offs must be made between people and nature.
The program has been designed to evaluate either a transect sample and/or an inventory list of plants.
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