transhumance

[trans-hyoo-muhns or, often, yoo-, tranz-]
noun
the seasonal migration of livestock, and the people who tend them, between lowlands and adjacent mountains.

Origin:
1900–05; < French, equivalent to transhum(er) to shift ground (modeled on Spanish trashumar; see trans-, humus) + -ance -ance

transhumant, adjective
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Collins
World English Dictionary
transhumance (trænsˈhjuːməns)
 
n
the seasonal migration of livestock to suitable grazing grounds
 
[C20: from French, from transhumer to change one's pastures, from Spanish trashumar, from Latin trans- + humus ground]
 
trans'humant
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

transhumance

form of pastoralism or nomadism organized around the migration of livestock between mountain pastures in warm seasons and lower altitudes the rest of the year. The seasonal migration may also occur between lower and upper latitudes (as in the movement of Siberian reindeer between the subarctic taiga and the Arctic tundra). Most peoples who practice transhumance also engage in some form of crop cultivation, and there is usually some kind of permanent settlement

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
If you revert back and forth often enough it starts to look not much different than a transhumance food production pattern.
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