[v. trans-plant, -plahnt; n. trans-plant, -plahnt]
verb (used with object)
to remove (a plant) from one place and plant it in another.
Surgery. to transfer (an organ, tissue, etc.) from one part of the body to another or from one person or animal to another.
to move from one place to another.
to bring (a family, colony, etc.) from one country, region, etc., to another for settlement; relocate.
verb (used without object)
to undergo or accept transplanting: to transplant easily.
the act or process of transplanting.
a plant, organ, person, etc., that has been transplanted.

1400–50; late Middle English < Late Latin trānsplantāre, equivalent to Latin trāns- trans- + plantāre to plant

transplantable, adjective
transplantation, noun
transplanter, noun
retransplant, verb (used with object)
retransplantation, noun
untransplanted, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
1.  (tr) to remove or transfer (esp a plant) from one place to another
2.  (intr) to be capable of being transplanted
3.  surgery to transfer (an organ or tissue) from one part of the body to another or from one person or animal to another during a grafting or transplant operation
4.  surgery
 a.  the procedure involved in such a transfer
 b.  the organ or tissue transplanted

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1440, from L.L. transplantare "plant again in a different place," from L. trans- "across" + plantare "to plant" (see plant). Extended to people (1555) and then to organs or tissue (1786).The noun, in ref. to plants, is recorded from 1756; in ref. to surgical transplanting
of human organs or tissue it is first recorded 1951, but not in widespread use until Christiaan Barnard performed the world's first successful heart transplant in 1967 at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa. Meaning "person not native to his place of residence" is recorded from 1961.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

transplant trans·plant (trāns-plānt')
v. trans·plant·ed, trans·plant·ing, trans·plants
To transfer a tissue or an organ from one body or body part to another. n. (trāns'plānt')

  1. The act or process of transplanting.

  2. The tissue or organ so used.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
transplant   (trāns'plānt')  Pronunciation Key 
  1. A plant that has been uprooted and replanted.

  2. A surgical procedure in a human or animal in which a body tissue or organ is transferred from a donor to a recipient or from one part of the body to another. Heart, lung, liver, kidney, corneal, and bone-marrow transplants are performed to treat life-threatening illness. Donated tissue must be histocompatible with that of the recipient to prevent immunological rejection. See also graft.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
When the seedlings have developed their second set of true leaves, it's time to
  transplant or thin them.
All three tell you whether they're measuring days from sowing or from
  transplant for each vegetable listed.
Then plant outdoors or transplant into a larger container.
To preserve the harvested heart, a member of the transplant team flushes it
  with a cooling solution that slows its metabolic rate.
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