(during the Middle Ages) the lower division of the seven liberal arts, comprising grammar, rhetoric, and logic.
Compare quadrivium.

1795–1805; < Medieval Latin, special use of Latin trivium public place, literally, place where three roads meet. See trivial Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
trivium (ˈtrɪvɪəm)
n , pl -ia
Compare quadrivium (in medieval learning) the lower division of the seven liberal arts, consisting of grammar, rhetoric, and logic
[C19: from Medieval Latin, from Latin: crossroads; see trivial]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1804, from M.L., "grammar, rhetoric, and logic," first three of the seven liberal arts in the Middle Ages, considered less important than arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, and music. From L. trivium "place where three roads meet" (see trivial).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The studies of the medieval university were based upon the trivium and quadrivium.
The seven volumes comprise seven subjects almost identical with those of the trivium and quadrivium of scholasticism.
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