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trochee

[troh-kee] /ˈtroʊ ki/
noun, Prosody
1.
a foot of two syllables, a long followed by a short in quantitative meter, or a stressed followed by an unstressed in accentual meter. Symbol: .
Origin
1580-1590
1580-90; < Latin trochaeus < Greek (poùs), trochaîos running (foot), equivalent to troch- (variant stem of tréchein to run) + -aios adj. suffix
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for trochee

trochee

/ˈtrəʊkiː/
noun
1.
(prosody) a metrical foot of two syllables, the first long and the second short (– ◡) Compare iamb
Word Origin
C16: via Latin from Greek trokhaios pous, literally: a running foot, from trekhein to run
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for trochee
n.

1580s, from French trochée, from Latin trochaeus "a trochee," from Greek trokhaios (pous), literally "a running, spinning (foot)," from trekhein "to run" (see truckle (n.)). As a metrical foot, a long followed by a short syllable, or an accented followed by an unaccented one.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for trochee

metrical foot consisting of one long syllable (as in classical verse) or stressed syllable (as in English verse) followed by one short or unstressed syllable, as in the word hap|py. Trochaic metres were extensively used in ancient Greek and Latin tragedy and comedy in a form, particularly favoured by Plautus and Terence, called trochaic catalectic tetrameter. Trochaic metres are not easily adapted to English verse. In long poems, such as Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Song of Hiawatha, their overall effect is monotony. But they have been used with great effect in shorter poems, particularly by William Blake, as in his well-known poem "The Tyger":

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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12
12
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