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trophy

[troh-fee] /ˈtroʊ fi/
noun, plural trophies.
1.
anything taken in war, hunting, competition, etc., especially when preserved as a memento; spoil, prize, or award.
2.
anything serving as a token or evidence of victory, valor, skill, etc.
3.
a carving, painting, or other representation of objects associated with or symbolic of victory or achievement.
4.
any memento or memorial.
5.
a memorial erected by certain ancient peoples, especially the Greeks and Romans, in commemoration of a victory in war and consisting of arms or other spoils taken from the enemy and hung upon a tree, pillar, or the like.
Origin
1505-1515
1505-15; earlier trophe < French trophée < Latin trop(h)aeum < Greek trópaion, noun use of neuter of trópaios, Attic variant of tropaîos of turning or putting to flight, equivalent to trop() a turning (akin to trépein to turn) + -aios adj. suffix. See trope
Related forms
trophyless, adjective

-trophy

1.
a combining form used in the formation of nouns with the general senses “nourishment, feeding” (mycotrophy), “growth” (hypertrophy); also forming abstract nouns corresponding to adjectives ending in -trophic.
Origin
< Greek -trophia nutrition, equivalent to troph() food + -ia -y3
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for trophy
  • Legal trophy hunting, supposedly under strict environmental limits, has been a key.
  • But taking these pictures feels somehow wrong, reminiscent of trophy photos.
  • Natural predators are destroyed for trophy and fun and have no chance in hunting and trapping.
  • There are calls for culling or allowing trophy hunting under rigorous controls.
  • The vulnerability of small trophy companies becomes more obvious during a downturn.
  • Some scientists who study dinosaurs spend a lifetime hoping to find the perfect trophy fossil.
  • The next couple of frames show it with its trophy bait fish.
  • Featuring a book on your bookshelf is akin to displaying a trophy.
  • But if you're inclined to turn your feed into a virtual trophy case, remember that followers aren't the same as listeners.
  • As he did, he bought one trophy property after another, re-arranging them too.
British Dictionary definitions for trophy

trophy

/ˈtrəʊfɪ/
noun (pl) -phies
1.
an object such as a silver or gold cup that is symbolic of victory in a contest, esp a sporting contest; prize
2.
a memento of success, esp one taken in war or hunting
3.
(in ancient Greece and Rome)
  1. a memorial to a victory, usually consisting of captured arms raised on the battlefield or in a public place
  2. a representation of such a memorial
4.
an ornamental carving that represents a group of weapons, etc
5.
(modifier) (informal) highly desirable and regarded as a symbol of wealth or success a trophy wife
Word Origin
C16: from French trophée, from Latin tropaeum, from Greek tropaion, from tropē a turning, defeat of the enemy; related to Greek trepein to turn

-trophy

combining form
1.
indicating a certain type of nourishment or growth dystrophy
Derived Forms
-trophic, combining_form:in_adjective
Word Origin
from Greek -trophia, from trophē nourishment
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for trophy
n.

1510s, "a spoil or prize of war," from Middle French trophée (15c.) from Latin trophaeum "a sign of victory, monument," originally tropaeum, from Greek tropaion "monument of an enemy's defeat," noun use of neuter of adjective tropaios "of defeat," from trope "a rout," originally "a turning" (of the enemy); see trope. Figurative extension to any token or memorial of victory is first recorded 1560s. Trophy wife attested by 1984.

-trophy

word-forming element meaning "food, nourishment," from Greek trophe "food, nourishment," related to trephein "make thrive, nourish, rear; to make solid, congeal, thicken."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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trophy in Medicine

-trophy suff.
Nutrition; growth: hypertrophy.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for trophy

tropaion

(from Greek tropaion, from trope, "rout"), in ancient Greece, memorial of victory set up on the field of battle at the spot where the enemy had been routed. It consisted of captured arms and standards hung upon a tree or stake in the semblance of a man and was inscribed with details of the battle along with a dedication to a god or gods. After a naval victory, the trophy, composed of whole ships or their beaks, was laid out on the nearest beach. To destroy a trophy was regarded as a sacrilege since, as an object dedicated to a god, it must be left to decay naturally. The Romans continued the custom but usually preferred to construct trophies in Rome, with columns or triumphal arches serving the purpose in imperial times. Outside Rome, there are remains of huge stone memorials, once crowned by stone trophies, built by Augustus in 7/6 BC at La Turbie (near Nice, Fr.) and by Trajan c. AD 109 at Adamclisi in eastern Romania.

Learn more about tropaion with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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