trophy

[troh-fee]
noun, plural trophies.
1.
anything taken in war, hunting, competition, etc., especially when preserved as a memento; spoil, prize, or award.
2.
anything serving as a token or evidence of victory, valor, skill, etc.
3.
a carving, painting, or other representation of objects associated with or symbolic of victory or achievement.
4.
any memento or memorial.
5.
a memorial erected by certain ancient peoples, especially the Greeks and Romans, in commemoration of a victory in war and consisting of arms or other spoils taken from the enemy and hung upon a tree, pillar, or the like.

Origin:
1505–15; earlier trophe < French trophée < Latin trop(h)aeum < Greek trópaion, noun use of neuter of trópaios, Attic variant of tropaîos of turning or putting to flight, equivalent to trop() a turning (akin to trépein to turn) + -aios adj. suffix. See trope

trophyless, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

-trophy

a combining form used in the formation of nouns with the general senses “nourishment, feeding” (mycotrophy ), “growth” (hypertrophy ); also forming abstract nouns corresponding to adjectives ending in -trophic.

Origin:
< Greek -trophia nutrition, equivalent to troph() food + -ia -y3

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
trophy (ˈtrəʊfɪ)
 
n , pl -phies
1.  an object such as a silver or gold cup that is symbolic of victory in a contest, esp a sporting contest; prize
2.  a memento of success, esp one taken in war or hunting
3.  in ancient Greece and Rome
 a.  a memorial to a victory, usually consisting of captured arms raised on the battlefield or in a public place
 b.  a representation of such a memorial
4.  an ornamental carving that represents a group of weapons, etc
5.  informal (modifier) highly desirable and regarded as a symbol of wealth or success: a trophy wife
 
[C16: from French trophée, from Latin tropaeum, from Greek tropaion, from tropē a turning, defeat of the enemy; related to Greek trepein to turn]

-trophy
 
n combining form
indicating a certain type of nourishment or growth: dystrophy
 
[from Greek -trophia, from trophē nourishment]
 
-trophic
 
adj combining form

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

trophy
1513, "a spoil or prize of war," from M.Fr. trophée (15c.) from L. trophæum "a sign of victory, monument," originally tropæum, from Gk. tropaion "monument of an enemy's defeat," from neut. of adj. tropaios "of defeat," from trope "a rout," originally "a turning" (of the enemy); see
trope. Figurative extension to any token or memorial of victory is first recorded 1569. Trophy wife attested "by 1984," according to "Dictionary of American Slang."

-trophy
comb. form meaning "food, nourishment," from Gk. trophe "food, nourishment," related to trephein "to make solid, congeal, thicken."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

-trophy suff.
Nutrition; growth: hypertrophy.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

trophy

(from Greek tropaion, from trope, "rout"), in ancient Greece, memorial of victory set up on the field of battle at the spot where the enemy had been routed. It consisted of captured arms and standards hung upon a tree or stake in the semblance of a man and was inscribed with details of the battle along with a dedication to a god or gods. After a naval victory, the trophy, composed of whole ships or their beaks, was laid out on the nearest beach. To destroy a trophy was regarded as a sacrilege since, as an object dedicated to a god, it must be left to decay naturally. The Romans continued the custom but usually preferred to construct trophies in Rome, with columns or triumphal arches serving the purpose in imperial times. Outside Rome, there are remains of huge stone memorials, once crowned by stone trophies, built by Augustus in 7/6 BC at La Turbie (near Nice, Fr.) and by Trajan c. AD 109 at Adamclisi in eastern Romania.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Legal trophy hunting, supposedly under strict environmental limits, has been a
  key.
But taking these pictures feels somehow wrong, reminiscent of trophy photos.
Natural predators are destroyed for trophy and fun and have no chance in
  hunting and trapping.
There are calls for culling or allowing trophy hunting under rigorous controls.
Images for trophy
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