|1.||a valved brass instrument of brilliant tone consisting of a narrow tube of cylindrical bore ending in a flared bell, normally pitched in B flat. Range: two and a half octaves upwards from F sharp on the fourth line of the bass staff|
|2.||any instrument consisting of a valveless tube ending in a bell, esp a straight instrument used for fanfares, signals, etc|
|3.||a person who plays a trumpet in an orchestra|
|4.||a loud sound such as that of a trumpet, esp when made by an animal: the trumpet of the elephants|
|5.||an eight-foot reed stop on an organ|
|6.||something resembling a trumpet in shape, esp in having a flared bell|
|7.||short for ear trumpet|
|8.||blow one's own trumpet to boast about oneself; brag|
|—vb , -pets, -peting, -peted|
|9.||to proclaim or sound loudly|
|[C13: from Old French trompette a little |
in music, brass wind musical instrument sounded by lip vibration against a cup mouthpiece. Ethnologists and ethnomusicologists use the word trumpet for any lip-vibrated instrument, whether of horn, conch, reed, or wood, with a horn or gourd bell, as well as for the Western brass instrument. The technical distinction between trumpet and horn is that one-third of the tube length of a trumpet is conical and two-thirds is cylindrical, while the horn's tube is the opposite. Both types are found throughout the world. For example, non-Western long trumpets are as dispersed as the kakaki of West Africa, the Persian and Arab nafir, the laba of China, and the spectacular dung-chen of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China.
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