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turbot

[tur-buh t] /ˈtɜr bət/
noun, plural (especially collectively) turbot (especially referring to two or more kinds or species) turbots.
1.
a European flatfish, Psetta maxima, having a diamond-shaped body: valued as a food fish.
2.
any of several other flatfishes.
3.
a triggerfish.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English turbut < Anglo-French; Old French tourbot < Medieval Latin turb(ō) turbot (Latin: top; apparently applied to the fish because of its outline; see turbine, turbit) + Old French -ot noun suffix
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for turbot

turbot

/ˈtɜːbət/
noun (pl) -bot, -bots
1.
a European flatfish, Scophthalmus maximus, having a pale brown speckled scaleless body covered with tubercles: family Bothidae. It is highly valued as a food fish
2.
any of various similar or related fishes
Word Origin
C13: from Old French tourbot, from Medieval Latin turbō, from Latin: spinning top, from a fancied similarity in shape; see turbit, turbine
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for turbot
n.

"large flat fish," c.1300, from Old French turbut (12c.), probably from a Scandinavian source (cf. Old Swedish törnbut, from törn "thorn" + but "flatfish;" see halibut). But OED says of uncertain origin and speculates on a connection to Latin turbo "spinning top."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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