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alloy

[n. al-oi, uh-loi; v. uh-loi] /n. ˈæl ɔɪ, əˈlɔɪ; v. əˈlɔɪ/
noun
1.
a substance composed of two or more metals, or of a metal or metals with a nonmetal, intimately mixed, as by fusion or electrodeposition.
2.
a less costly metal mixed with a more valuable one.
3.
standard; quality; fineness.
4.
admixture, as of good with evil.
5.
anything added that serves to reduce quality or purity.
verb (used with object)
6.
to mix (metals or metal with nonmetal) so as to form an alloy.
7.
to reduce in value by an admixture of a less costly metal.
8.
to debase, impair, or reduce by admixture; adulterate.
Origin
1590-1600
1590-1600; < Middle French aloi, Old French alei, noun derivative of aleier to combine < Latin alligāre to bind up, equivalent to al- al- + ligāre to bind (see ally, ligament); replacing earlier allay, Middle English < Anglo-French allai
Related forms
unalloyed, adjective
Can be confused
allay, alley, alloy, ally (see synonym study at allay)
Synonyms
4. fusion, blend, composite.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for unalloyed
  • Not everyone sees the rapid advance of social media and digital technology as an unalloyed good.
  • But that law is not in fact proving to be the unalloyed blessing that its creators envisaged.
  • And you can't ignore the effects of science on people and the environment, which is far from an unalloyed good.
  • Such unalloyed self-alteration suggests a hatred of the original design.
  • And for those who make music with others, there's an ineffable and unalloyed pleasure from the experience.
  • Copper of this district occurs in surface fissures in a pure metallic state, unalloyed with other elements.
  • Copper occurs in this district in fissure deposits in a pure metallic state, unalloyed with other elements.
  • At different ends of the spectrum, health care may be motivated by purest altruism or the unalloyed pursuit of profit.
  • The bar of unalloyed alpha plutonium snapped in half when it was bent, while the gallium-alloyed delta-phase sample bent easily.
  • Thus, evidence of an overarching conspiracy is not a matter of unalloyed prejudice.
British Dictionary definitions for unalloyed

unalloyed

/ˌʌnəˈlɔɪd/
adjective
1.
not mixed or intermingled with any other thing; pure: unalloyed metal, unalloyed pleasure

alloy

noun (ˈælɔɪ; əˈlɔɪ)
1.
a metallic material, such as steel, brass, or bronze, consisting of a mixture of two or more metals or of metallic elements with nonmetallic elements. Alloys often have physical properties markedly different from those of the pure metals
2.
something that impairs the quality or reduces the value of the thing to which it is added
verb (transitive) (əˈlɔɪ)
3.
to add (one metal or element to another metal or element) to obtain a substance with a desired property
4.
to debase (a pure substance) by mixing with an inferior element
5.
to diminish or impair
Word Origin
C16: from Old French aloi a mixture, from aloier to combine, from Latin alligāre, from ligāre to bind
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for unalloyed
adj.

1670s (figurative); 1760s (literal), from un- (1) "not" + past participle of alloy (v.).

alloy

n.

early 14c. "relative freedom of a noble metal from alloy or other impurities," from Anglo-French alai, Old French aloi, from aloiier (see alloy (v.)). Meaning " base metal alloyed with a noble metal" is from c.1400. Modern spelling from late 17c.

v.

c.1400, "mix with a baser metal," from Old French aloiier "assemble, join," from Latin alligare "bind to, tie to," compound of ad- "to" (see ad-) + ligare "to bind" (see ligament); hence "bind one thing to another." Related: Alloyed; alloying.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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unalloyed in Medicine

alloy al·loy (āl'oi', ə-loi')
n.
A homogeneous mixture or solid solution of two or more metals, the atoms of one replacing or occupying interstitial positions between the atoms of the other.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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unalloyed in Science
alloy
  (āl'oi')   
A metallic substance made by mixing and fusing two or more metals, or a metal and a nonmetal, to obtain desirable qualities such as hardness, lightness, and strength. Brass, bronze, and steel are all alloys.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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unalloyed in Culture
alloy [(al-oy, uh-loy)]

A material made of two or more metals, or of a metal and another material. For example, brass is an alloy of copper and zinc; steel is an alloy of iron and carbon. Alloys often have unexpected characteristics. In the examples given above, brass is stronger than either copper or zinc, and steel is stronger than either iron or carbon.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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