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underlying

[uhn-der-lahy-ing] /ˈʌn dərˌlaɪ ɪŋ/
adjective
1.
lying or situated beneath, as a substratum.
2.
fundamental; basic:
the underlying cause of their discontent.
3.
implicit; discoverable only by close scrutiny or analysis:
an underlying seriousness in his witticisms.
4.
(of a claim, mortgage, etc.) taking precedence; anterior; prior.
5.
Linguistics. belonging to an earlier stage in the transformational derivation of a sentence or other structure; belonging to the deep structure.
Origin of underlying
1605-1615
1605-15; underlie + -ing2

underlie

[uhn-der-lahy] /ˌʌn dərˈlaɪ/
verb (used with object), underlay, underlain, underlying.
1.
to lie under or beneath; be situated under.
2.
to be at the basis of; form the foundation of.
3.
Grammar. to function as the root morpheme or original or basic form of (a derived form): The form “boy” underlies “boyish.”.
4.
Finance. to be primary to another right or security.
Origin
before 900; Middle English underlyen (v.), Old English underlicgan. See under-, lie2
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for underlying
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Besides, there was in her situation an underlying possibility of adventure.

    The Dust Flower Basil King
  • He was perfectly respectful, though there was an underlying threat in his manner.

    In Direst Peril David Christie Murray
  • This was all the security the companies could give, but the underlying difficulty was that it had no value whatever.

  • The reports naturally show the correctness of the underlying theory.

    The Human Aura Swami Panchadasi
  • Unfortunately, she has not any real impression of religion, either of its beauty or its underlying truth.

British Dictionary definitions for underlying

underlying

/ˌʌndəˈlaɪɪŋ/
adjective
1.
concealed but detectable: underlying guilt
2.
fundamental; basic
3.
lying under
4.
(finance) (of a claim, liability, etc) taking precedence; prior

underlie

/ˌʌndəˈlaɪ/
verb (transitive) -lies, -lying, -lay, -lain
1.
to lie or be placed under or beneath
2.
to be the foundation, cause, or basis of: careful planning underlies all our decisions
3.
(finance) to take priority over (another claim, liability, mortgage, etc): a first mortgage underlies a second
4.
to be the root or stem from which (a word) is derived: "happy" underlies "happiest"
Derived Forms
underlier, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for underlying

underlie

v.

Old English under licgan "to be subordinate to, to submit to;" see under + lie (v.2). Meaning "to lie under or beneath" is attested from c.1600; figurative sense of "to be the basis of" is attested from 1852 (implied in underlying).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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