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Supposedly vs. Supposably


[en-dawrs] /ɛnˈdɔrs/
verb (used with object), endorsed, endorsing. Also, indorse (for defs 1–6).
to approve, support, or sustain:
to endorse a political candidate.
to designate oneself as payee of (a check) by signing, usually on the reverse side of the instrument.
to sign one's name on (a commercial document or other instrument).
to make over (a stated amount) to another as payee by one's endorsement.
to write (something) on the back of a document, paper, etc.:
to endorse instructions; to endorse one's signature.
to acknowledge (payment) by placing one's signature on a bill, draft, etc.
Heraldry. a narrow pale, about one quarter the usual width and usually repeated several times.
Origin of endorse
1350-1400; variant (with en- for in-) of earlier indorse < Medieval Latin indorsāre to endorse, equivalent to Latin in- in-2 + -dorsāre, derivative of dorsum back; replacing endoss, Middle English endossen < Old French endosser, equivalent to en- en-1 + -dosser, derivative of dos < Latin dorsum
Related forms
endorsable, adjective
endorser, endorsor, noun
endorsingly, adverb
endorsive, adjective
preendorse, verb (used with object), preendorsed, preendorsing.
reendorse, verb (used with object), reendorsed, reendorsing.
subendorse, verb (used with object), subendorsed, subendorsing.
superendorse, verb (used with object), superendorsed, superendorsing.
unendorsable, adjective
unendorsed, adjective
well-endorsed, adjective
Can be confused
approve, endorse (see synonym study at approve)
1. sanction, ratify, uphold, sustain, back, second. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for unendorsed
Historical Examples
  • The memo said: His Majesty's Government had no love or use for unendorsed cheques drawn in favour of other people.

  • Her mandate is unendorsed by those whom she claims to represent.

    The German War Arthur Conan Doyle
  • A man offered me a three- hundred-dollar horse, and wanted to take my simple, unendorsed note for it.

    Roughing It Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
  • Unless a certificate stands in a customer's name and is unendorsed by him, he has no control over it.

    My Adventures with Your Money George Graham Rice
British Dictionary definitions for unendorsed


verb (transitive)
to give approval or sanction to
to sign (one's name) on the back of (a cheque, etc) to specify oneself as payee
  1. to sign the back of (a negotiable document) to transfer ownership of the rights to a specified payee
  2. to specify (a designated sum) as transferable to another as payee
to write (a qualifying comment, recommendation, etc) on the back of a document
to sign (a document), as when confirming receipt of payment
(mainly Brit) to record (a conviction) on (a driving licence)
Derived Forms
endorsable, indorsable, adjective
endorser, endorsor, indorser, indorsor, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Old French endosser to put on the back, from en-1 + dos back, from Latin dorsum
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for unendorsed



late 14c. endosse "alteration," from Old French endosser (12c.), literally "to put on back," from en- "put on" (see en- (1)) + dos "back," from Latin dossum, variant of dorsum.

Sense of "confirm, approve" (by signing on the back) is recorded in English first in 1847. Assimilated 16c. in form to Medieval Latin indorsare. Related: Endorsed; endorsing.

You can endorse, literally, a cheque or other papers, &, metaphorically, a claim or argument, but to talk of endorsing material things other than papers is a solecism. [Fowler]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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