[vahy-kair-ee-uhs, vi-]
performed, exercised, received, or suffered in place of another: vicarious punishment.
taking the place of another person or thing; acting or serving as a substitute.
felt or enjoyed through imagined participation in the experience of others: a vicarious thrill.
Physiology. noting or pertaining to a situation in which one organ performs part of the functions normally performed by another.

1630–40; < Latin vicārius substituting, equivalent to vic(is) (genitive) interchange, alternation (see vice3), + -ārius -ary; see -ous

vicariously, adverb
vicariousness, vicariism, noun
nonvicarious, adjective
nonvicariously, adverb
nonvicariousness, noun
unvicarious, adjective
unvicariously, adverb
unvicariousness, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
vicarious (vɪˈkɛərɪəs, vaɪ-)
1.  obtained or undergone at second hand through sympathetic participation in another's experiences
2.  suffered, undergone, or done as the substitute for another: vicarious punishment
3.  delegated: vicarious authority
4.  taking the place of another
5.  pathol See endometriosis (of menstrual bleeding) occurring at an abnormal site
[C17: from Latin vicārius substituted, from vicis interchange; see vice³, vicissitude]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1630s, from L. vicarius "substitute, deputy" (adj. and n.), from vicis "turn, change, exchange, substitution," from PIE base *weik-, *weig- "to bend, wind" (cf. Skt. visti "changing, changeable;" O.E. wician "to give way, yield," wice "wych elm;" O.N. vikja "to bend, turn;" Swed. viker "willow twig,
wand;" Ger. wechsel "change"). Related: Vicariously.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

vicarious vi·car·i·ous (vī-kâr'ē-əs, -kār'-, vĭ-)

  1. Felt or undergone as if one were taking part in the experience or feelings of another.

  2. Occurring in or performed by a part of the body not normally associated with a certain function.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
What an enjoyable article, it was great fun to visit these old saloons
We can live our lives vicariously through the modern day gladiators.
It's always exciting to experience sudden money, even vicariously.
Yet even if you never set foot inside, you can experience the house vicariously.
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