vocative

[vok-uh-tiv]
adjective
1.
Grammar. (in certain inflected languages, as Latin) noting or pertaining to a case used to indicate that a noun refers to a person or thing being addressed.
2.
of, pertaining to, or used in calling, specifying, or addressing.
noun Grammar.
3.
the vocative case.
4.
a word in the vocative, as Latin Paule “O Paul.”

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English < Latin vocātīvus (cāsus) calling (case), equivalent to vocāt(us) (see vocation) + -īvus -ive

vocatively, adverb
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World English Dictionary
vocative (ˈvɒkətɪv)
 
adj
1.  relating to, used in, or characterized by calling
2.  grammar denoting a case of nouns, in some inflected languages, used when the referent of the noun is being addressed
 
n
3.  grammar
 a.  the vocative case
 b.  a vocative noun or speech element
 
[C15: from Latin phrase vocātīvus cāsus the calling case, from vocāre to call]
 
'vocatively
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

vocative
c.1440, "showing the person or thing spoken to," from M.Fr. vocatif (fem. vocative), from L. vocativus (casus) "(case of) calling," from vocatus, pp. of vocare "to call" (see voice). The L. is a translation of Gk. kletike ptosis, from kletikos "related to calling," from kletos "called."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for vocative
The vocative case is used to address someone or something in direct speech.
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