a boxer or other contestant intermediate in weight between a lightweight and a middleweight, especially a professional boxer weighing up to 147 pounds (67 kg).
(in a steeplechase or hurdle race) a weight of 28 pounds (13 kg) that is assigned to a horse in addition to the poundage assigned based on the age of the horse.
a rider of steeplechase or hurdle-race horses who, though acting as a jockey, is of comparatively average weight and not small or lightweight as a professional jockey; heavyweight rider.

1815–25; welter2 + weight

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
welterweight (ˈwɛltəˌweɪt)
1.  a.  a professional boxer weighing 140--147 pounds (63.5--66.5 kg)
 b.  an amateur boxer weighing 63.5--67 kg (140--148 pounds)
 c.  (as modifier): a great welterweight era
2.  a wrestler in a similar weight category (usually 154--172 pounds (70--78 kg))

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1832, "heavyweight horseman," later "boxer or wrestler of a certain weight" (1896), from earlier welter "heavyweight horseman or boxer" (1804), possibly from welt (v.) "beat severely" (c.1400).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
He also held the welterweight and featherweight crowns.
And it would it be enhanced by having both heavyweight and welterweight categories.
Foreman, who was defending his super welterweight belt, was desperate to continue.
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