[with-hohld, with-]
verb (used with object), withheld, withholding.
to hold back; restrain or check.
to refrain from giving or granting: to withhold payment.
to collect (taxes) at the source of income.
to deduct (withholding tax) from an employee's salary or wages.
verb (used without object), withheld, withholding.
to hold back; refrain.
to deduct withholding tax.

1150–1200; Middle English withholden. See with-, hold1

withholder, noun
unwithheld, adjective

1, 2. suppress, repress. See keep.

1, 2. advance.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
withhold (wɪðˈhəʊld)
vb (usually foll by from) , -holds, -holding, -held
1.  (tr) to keep back; refrain from giving: he withheld his permission
2.  (tr) to hold back; restrain
3.  (tr) to deduct (taxes, etc) from a salary or wages
4.  to refrain or forbear

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1200, from with- "back, away" (see with) + holden "to hold" (see hold (v.)); probably a loan-translation of L. retinere "to withhold." Past participle form withholden was still used 19c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
It said the government could withhold evidence if revealing it would jeopardize
  national security.
We must withhold our labor, both collectively and as individuals.
But sometimes the bank should also withhold money from a government.
Water thoroughly, then withhold water until leaves emerge.
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