withhold

[with-hohld, with-]
verb (used with object), withheld, withholding.
1.
to hold back; restrain or check.
2.
to refrain from giving or granting: to withhold payment.
3.
to collect (taxes) at the source of income.
4.
to deduct (withholding tax) from an employee's salary or wages.
verb (used without object), withheld, withholding.
5.
to hold back; refrain.
6.
to deduct withholding tax.

Origin:
1150–1200; Middle English withholden. See with-, hold1

withholder, noun
unwithheld, adjective


1, 2. suppress, repress. See keep.


1, 2. advance.
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World English Dictionary
withhold (wɪðˈhəʊld)
 
vb (usually foll by from) , -holds, -holding, -held
1.  (tr) to keep back; refrain from giving: he withheld his permission
2.  (tr) to hold back; restrain
3.  (tr) to deduct (taxes, etc) from a salary or wages
4.  to refrain or forbear
 
with'holder
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

withhold
c.1200, from with- "back, away" (see with) + holden "to hold" (see hold (v.)); probably a loan-translation of L. retinere "to withhold." Past participle form withholden was still used 19c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
But it shouldn't be done by withholding information consumers need to make
  choices.
The scientists can switch c-myc on or off by introducing or withholding a
  synthetic compound.
Others are boycotting the event or withholding their conference papers.
To suggest now that the agency is somehow withholding potentially curative
  treatment from the population is ridiculous.
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