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withhold

[with-hohld, with-] /wɪθˈhoʊld, wɪð-/
verb (used with object), withheld, withholding.
1.
to hold back; restrain or check.
2.
to refrain from giving or granting:
to withhold payment.
3.
to collect (taxes) at the source of income.
4.
to deduct (withholding tax) from an employee's salary or wages.
verb (used without object), withheld, withholding.
5.
to hold back; refrain.
6.
to deduct withholding tax.
Origin
1150-1200
1150-1200; Middle English withholden. See with-, hold1
Related forms
withholder, noun
unwithheld, adjective
Synonyms
1, 2. suppress, repress. See keep.
Antonyms
1, 2. advance.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for withholding
  • But it shouldn't be done by withholding information consumers need to make choices.
  • The scientists can switch c-myc on or off by introducing or withholding a synthetic compound.
  • Others are boycotting the event or withholding their conference papers.
  • To suggest now that the agency is somehow withholding potentially curative treatment from the population is ridiculous.
  • But it has yet to be shown that withholding the vote is an effective deterrent against offending.
  • Suggesting otherwise by withholding pay rises and bonuses would call their judgment into question.
  • The state environment regulator is withholding permission to deepen it.
  • Liquidity should be provided only if withholding it would be so costly to the economy that the moral hazard could be ignored.
  • There is no option for those employees to refuse withholding and individually file a tax return at the end of the year.
  • withholding information and refusing care will only worsen when a comprehensive national system is in place.
British Dictionary definitions for withholding

withhold

/wɪðˈhəʊld/
verb -holds, -holding, -held
1.
(transitive) to keep back; refrain from giving: he withheld his permission
2.
(transitive) to hold back; restrain
3.
(transitive) to deduct (taxes, etc) from a salary or wages
4.
(intransitive) usually foll by from. to refrain or forbear
Derived Forms
withholder, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for withholding

withhold

v.

c.1200, from with- "back, away" (see with) + holden "to hold" (see hold (v.)); probably a loan-translation of Latin retinere "to withhold." Related: Withheld; withholding. Past participle form withholden was still used 19c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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