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without

[with-out, with-] /wɪðˈaʊt, wɪθ-/
preposition
1.
with the absence, omission, or avoidance of; not with; with no or none of; lacking:
without help; without shoes; without her helping me; without him to help.
2.
free from; excluding:
a world without hunger.
3.
not accompanied by:
Don't go without me.
4.
at, on, or to the outside of; outside of:
both within and without the house or the city.
5.
beyond the compass, limits, range, or scope of (now used chiefly in opposition to within):
whether within or without the law.
adverb
6.
in or into an exterior or outer place; outside.
7.
outside a house, building, etc.:
The carriage awaits without.
8.
lacking something implied or understood:
We must take this or go without.
9.
as regards the outside; externally.
noun
10.
the outside of a place, region, area, room, etc.
conjunction
11.
Midland and Southern U.S. unless.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English withouten, Old English withūtan (adv. and preposition), equivalent to with with + -ūtan from without, equivalent to ūt out + -an suffix of motion from
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for without
  • My family has now been without electricity, heat or hot water for five days.
  • Awake surgery is cosmetic surgery without general anesthesia.
  • For the handful of people without fingerprints the physical impacts are few.
  • For years, the human brain has been compared to a computer-but it is a computer without a wiring diagram.
  • They can't stay grounded forever without eventually jeopardizing national security.
  • Adaptive lenses change magnification without moving.
  • Sure, as long as it met the standard of the academic rule, without deviance and without question.
  • As usual, he found them-but not without deep trouble.
  • Once it nears the surface again, it can flap its tail and taxi without fully returning to the water.
  • Chances of winning without making a purchase are the same as the chances of someone who buys something.
British Dictionary definitions for without

without

/wɪˈðaʊt/
preposition
1.
not having a traveller without much money
2.
not accompanied by he came without his wife
3.
not making use of it is not easy to undo screws without a screwdriver
4.
(foll by a verbal noun or noun phrase) not, while not, or after not she can sing for two minutes without drawing breath
5.
(archaic) on the outside of
adverb
6.
(formal) outside; outwardly
conjunction
7.
(not standard) unless don't come without you have some money
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for without
adv.

Old English wiðutan, literally "against the outside" (opposite of within), see with + out. As a word expressing lack or want of something (opposite of with), attested from c.1200. In use by late 14c. as a conjunction, short for without that.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with without
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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13
13
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