without

[with-out, with-]
preposition
1.
with the absence, omission, or avoidance of; not with; with no or none of; lacking: without help; without shoes; without her helping me; without him to help.
2.
free from; excluding: a world without hunger.
3.
not accompanied by: Don't go without me.
4.
at, on, or to the outside of; outside of: both within and without the house or the city.
5.
beyond the compass, limits, range, or scope of (now used chiefly in opposition to within ): whether within or without the law.
adverb
6.
in or into an exterior or outer place; outside.
7.
outside a house, building, etc.: The carriage awaits without.
8.
lacking something implied or understood: We must take this or go without.
9.
as regards the outside; externally.
noun
10.
the outside of a place, region, area, room, etc.
conjunction
11.
Midland and Southern U.S. unless.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English withouten, Old English withūtan (adv. and preposition), equivalent to with with + -ūtan from without, equivalent to ūt out + -an suffix of motion from

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
without (wɪˈðaʊt)
 
prep
1.  not having: a traveller without much money
2.  not accompanied by: he came without his wife
3.  not making use of: it is not easy to undo screws without a screwdriver
4.  (foll by a verbal noun or noun phrase) not, while not, or after not: she can sing for two minutes without drawing breath
5.  archaic on the outside of
 
adv
6.  formal outside; outwardly
 
conj
7.  not standard unless: don't come without you have some money

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

without
O.E. wiðutan, lit. "against the outside" (opposite of within), see with + out. As a word expressing lack or want of something (opposite of with), attested from c.1200. In use by 1393 as a conjunction, short for without that.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

without

In addition to the idioms beginning with without, also see absent without leave; do without; get along without; go without saying; no smoke without fire.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
My family has now been without electricity, heat or hot water for five days.
Awake surgery is cosmetic surgery without general anesthesia.
For the handful of people without fingerprints the physical impacts are few.
For years, the human brain has been compared to a computer-but it is a computer
  without a wiring diagram.
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