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zucchetto

[zoo-ket-oh; Italian tsook-ket-taw] /zuˈkɛt oʊ; Italian tsukˈkɛt tɔ/
noun, plural zucchettos Italian, zucchetti
[tsook-ket-tee] /tsukˈkɛt ti/ (Show IPA)
1.
a small, round skullcap worn by Roman Catholic ecclesiastics, a priest's being black, a bishop's violet, a cardinal's red, and the pope's white; calotte.
Origin
1850-1855
1850-55; < Italian, variant of zucchetta, diminutive of zucca gourd, head, perhaps < pre-Indo-European *tjukka gourd
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for zucchetto

zucchetto

/tsuːˈkɛtəʊ; suː-; zuː-/
noun (pl) -tos
1.
(RC Church) a small round skullcap worn by certain ecclesiastics and varying in colour according to the rank of the wearer, the Pope wearing white, cardinals red, bishops violet, and others black
Word Origin
C19: from Italian, from zucca a gourd, head, from Late Latin cucutia gourd, probably from Latin cucurbita
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for zucchetto
n.

1853, from Italian zucchetta "a cap," originally diminutive of zucca "gourd, head," perhaps from Late Latin cucutia, of unknown origin.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for zucchetto

small silk skullcap worn by Roman Catholic clergymen. Developed from the pileus (q.v.), a close-fitting, brimless hat commonly worn by the Romans, the zucchetto has probably been worn by ecclesiastics since the 13th century. It was worn under the mitre and biretta to preserve them and is still worn under these headcoverings at services. It is worn alone at other times. The colour depends on the wearer's rank: white for the pope, red for cardinals, violet for bishops, and black for others

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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