-hood

-hood

a native English suffix denoting state, condition, character, nature, etc., or a body of persons of a particular character or class, formerly used in the formation of nouns: childhood; likelihood; knighthood; priesthood .

Origin:
Middle English -hode, -hod, Old English -hād (cognate with German -heit), special use of hād condition, state, order, quality, rank

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-hood
 
suffix forming nouns
1.  indicating state or condition of being: manhood; adulthood
2.  indicating a body of persons: knighthood; priesthood
 
[Old English -hād]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

-hood
"state or condition of being," from O.E. -had "condition, position," cognate with Ger. -heit, Du. -heid, all from P.Gmc. *khaidus. Originally a free-standing word, cf. O.E. hed "position, dignity," O.N. heiðr "honor, dignity," Goth. haidus "manner;" it survives in Eng. only in this suffix.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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