calque

calque

[kalk] Linguistics.
noun
1.
a loan translation, especially one resulting from bilingual interference in which the internal structure of a borrowed word or phrase is maintained but its morphemes are replaced by those of the native language, as German halbinsel for peninsula.
verb (used with object), calqued, calquing.
3.
to form (a word or phrase) through the process of loan translation.

Origin:
1655–65; < French, noun derivative of calquer to copy, base on < Italian calcare to trace over, tread < Latin: to trample

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World English Dictionary
calque (kælk)
 
n
1.  another word for loan translation
 
vb , calques, calquing, calqued
2.  (tr) another word for calk
 
[C20: from French: a tracing, from calquer, from Latin calcāre to tread]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

calque
"loan translation of a foreign word or phrase," from Fr. calque, lit. "a copy," from calquer "to trace by rubbing" (itself borrowed in English 1660s as calk), from It. calcare, from L. calcare "to tread, to press down."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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