1 [sist]
noun Classical Antiquity.
a box or chest, especially for sacred utensils.

1795–1805; < Latin cista < Greek kístē chest Unabridged


2 [sist, kist]
a prehistoric sepulchral tomb or casket.
Also, kist.

1795–1805; < Welsh < Latin cista. See cist1

cisted, adjective
cistic, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
cist1 (sɪst)
a wooden box for holding ritual objects used in ancient Rome and Greece
[C19: from Latin cista box, chest, basket, from Greek kistē]

cist or kist2 (sɪst)
archaeol a box-shaped burial chamber made from stone slabs or a hollowed tree trunk
[C19: from Welsh: chest, from Latin cista box; see cist1]
kist or kist2
[C19: from Welsh: chest, from Latin cista box; see cist1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"sepulchral chest or chamber," 1804, in some cases from L. cista, from Gk. kiste "box, chest" (see chest); in some cases from Welsh cist in cist faen "stone coffin."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica


prehistoric European coffin containing a body or ashes, usually made of stone or a hollowed-out tree; also, a storage place for sacred objects. "Cist" has also been used in a more general sense to refer to the stone burial place itself, usually built in the form of a dolmen, with several upright stone slabs supporting a flat roofing stone

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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