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fallacy

[fal-uh-see] /ˈfæl ə si/
noun, plural fallacies.
1.
a deceptive, misleading, or false notion, belief, etc.:
That the world is flat was at one time a popular fallacy.
2.
a misleading or unsound argument.
3.
deceptive, misleading, or false nature; erroneousness.
4.
Logic. any of various types of erroneous reasoning that render arguments logically unsound.
5.
Obsolete, deception.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; < Latin fallācia a trick, deceit, equivalent to fallāc- (stem of fallāx) deceitful, fallacious + -ia -y3; replacing Middle English fallace < Middle French
Synonyms
1. misconception, delusion, misapprehension.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for fallacy
  • In any case pointing out the use of a fallacy is not a fallacy.
  • One might call it the new biographical fallacy, born of this age of too much information.
  • The trap is the naturalistic fallacy of ethics, which uncritically concludes that what is, should be.
  • But rather than marshaling logically sound arguments, he constantly commits the fallacy of begging the question.
  • But the error may have revealed less about media over-reaction than about another, much larger fallacy.
  • The grand fallacy back then was that genomics could give us the answer to everything.
  • Yes, there's a mountain of consistent observations out there, but remember the fallacy of affirming the consequent.
  • But it is certainly no more a fallacy than any other form of generalization and induction.
  • Yet in broad terms, all have been misled by a similar fallacy.
  • He claims he did not commit the etymological fallacy.
British Dictionary definitions for fallacy

fallacy

/ˈfæləsɪ/
noun (pl) -cies
1.
an incorrect or misleading notion or opinion based on inaccurate facts or invalid reasoning
2.
unsound or invalid reasoning
3.
the tendency to mislead
4.
(logic) an error in reasoning that renders an argument logically invalid
Word Origin
C15: from Latin fallācia, from fallax deceitful, from fallere to deceive
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for fallacy
n.

late 15c., "deception, false statement," from Latin fallacia "deception," noun of quality from fallax (genitive fallacis) "deceptive," from fallere "deceive" (see fail (v.)). Specific sense in logic dates from 1550s. An earlier form was fallace (c.1300), from Old French fallace.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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fallacy in Culture

fallacy definition


A false or mistaken idea based on faulty knowledge or reasoning. For example, kings who have divorced their wives for failing to produce a son have held to the fallacy that a mother determines the sex of a child, when actually the father does. (See sex chromosomes.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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