an individual occurrence or event.
a distinct piece of action, or an episode, as in a story or play.
something that occurs casually in connection with something else.
something appertaining or attaching to something else.
an occurrence of seemingly minor importance, especially involving nations or factions between which relations are strained and sensitive, that can lead to serious consequences, as an outbreak of hostilities or a war: border incident; international incident.
an embarrassing occurrence, especially of a social nature.
likely or apt to happen (usually followed by to ).
naturally appertaining: hardships incident to the life of an explorer.
conjoined or attaching, especially as subordinate to a principal thing.
falling or striking on something, as light rays.

1375–1425; late Middle English < Middle French < Medieval Latin incident- (stem of incidēns a happening, noun use of present participle of Latin incidere to befall), equivalent to Latin in- in-2 + -cid- (combining form of cad- fall) + -ent- -ent; cf. cadence

incidentless, adjective
nonincident, noun, adjective

incidence, incidents, incidental.

1. happening. See event. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
incident (ˈɪnsɪdənt)
1.  a distinct or definite occurrence; event
2.  a minor, subsidiary, or related event or action
3.  a relatively insignificant event that might have serious consequences, esp in international politics
4.  a public disturbance: the police had reports of an incident outside a pub
5.  the occurrence of something interesting or exciting: the trip was not without incident
adj (foll by to) (when postpositive, often foll by to)
6.  related (to) or dependent (on)
7.  having a subsidiary or minor relationship (with)
8.  (esp of a beam of light or particles) arriving at or striking a surface: incident electrons
[C15: from Medieval Latin incidens an event, from Latin incidere, literally: to fall into, hence befall, happen, from in-² + cadere to fall]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1412, "something which occurs casually in connection with something else," from L. incidentem (nom. incidens), prp. of incidere "happen, befall," from in- "on" + -cidere, comb. form of cadere "to fall" (see case (1)). Sense of "an occurrence viewed as a separate circumstance"
is from 1462. Meaning "event that might trigger a crisis or political unrest" first attested 1913. Incidental "casual, occasional" first recorded in Milton (1644). Conversational use of incidentally for "by the way" first attested 1925.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The first incident was within a week of going vegetarian.
In fact, the strength depends on the frequency and intensity of incident light.
She reports the incident to the university police, and they conduct an
If this were an isolated incident, one need not be overly concerned.
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