Judaism

Judaism

[joo-dee-iz-uhm, -dey-, -duh-]
noun
1.
the monotheistic religion of the Jews, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the Talmud. Compare Conservative Jew, Orthodox Jew, Reform Jew.
2.
belief in and conformity to this religion, its practices, and ceremonies.
3.
this religion considered as forming the basis of the cultural and social identity of the Jews: He called assimilation a threat to American Judaism.
4.
Jews collectively; Jewry.

Origin:
1485–95; < Late Latin jūdaismus < Greek ioudaismós, equivalent to Ioudaî(os) Jew + -ismos -ism

anti-Judaism, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Judaism (ˈdʒuːdeɪˌɪzəm)
 
n
1.  the religion of the Jews, based on the Old Testament and the Talmud and having as its central point a belief in the one God as transcendent creator of all things and the source of all righteousness
2.  the religious and cultural traditions, customs, attitudes, and way of life of the Jews
 
Juda'istic
 
adj

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Judaism
1494 (attested in Anglo-L. from 1251), from L.L. Judaismus (Tertullian), from Gk. Ioudaismos, from Ioudaios "Jew" (see Jew). The Anglo-L. reference is to a special tax levied on the Jews of England.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Judaism definition


The religion of the Israelites of the Bible and of the Jews of today, based on the teachings of the Torah. Judaism involves the belief in one God, whose Chosen People are the Jews. Abraham is considered the founder of Judaism, although Moses, who delivered the laws of God to the Israelites, is also an important figure.

The holy days and festivals of Judaism include Hanukkah, Passover, Purim, Rosh Hashanah, and Yom Kippur. (See also Sabbath.)

Note: A symbol of Judaism, the Star of David is a six-pointed star, formed by placing two triangles together, one upon the other, or interlaced.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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