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orb

[awrb] /ɔrb/
noun
1.
a sphere or globe:
a Christmas tree hung with brightly colored orbs.
2.
the eyeball or eye:
He looks with blind orbs on an indifferent world.
3.
any of the heavenly bodies, as the sun or moon:
He lay on the grass, warmed by that orb of day, the sun.
4.
a globe bearing a cross; the mound or emblem of sovereignty, especially as part of the regalia of England.
5.
Astrology. the number of degrees from exactness within which an aspect operates.
6.
a circle or something circular.
7.
Astronomy. (formerly) the orbit of a heavenly body.
8.
the earth.
verb (used with object)
9.
to form into a circle or sphere.
10.
Archaic. to encircle; enclose.
verb (used without object)
11.
to move in an orbit.
12.
to form into an orb or globe; round out.
Origin
1520-1530
1520-30; < Latin orbis circle, disk, orb
Related forms
orbless, adjective
orblike, adjective
unorbed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for orbed

orb

/ɔːb/
noun
1.
(in royal regalia) an ornamental sphere surmounted by a cross, representing the power of a sovereign
2.
a sphere; globe
3.
(poetic) another word for eye1
4.
(obsolete or poetic)
  1. a celestial body, esp the earth or sun
  2. the orbit of a celestial body
5.
an archaic word for circle
verb
6.
to make or become circular or spherical
7.
(transitive) an archaic word for encircle
Word Origin
C16: from Latin orbis circle, disc
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for orbed

orb

n.

mid-15c., "sphere, globe, something spherical or circular," from Old French orbe "orb, globe" (13c.) and directly from Latin orbem (nominative orbis) "circle, disk, ring, hoop, orbit," probably related to orbita "wheel track, rut," of unknown origin. Watkins suggests a connection with the root of orchid.

A three-dimensional extension of a word originally describing two-dimensional shapes. Astronomical sense is in reference to the hollow spheres that carried the planets and stars in the Ptolemaic system. As a verb from c.1600. Orb weaver spider is first recorded 1889.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for orbed

orb

emblem of royal power, usually made of precious metal and jewels and consisting of a sphere surmounted by a cross. The ball as a symbol of the cosmos, or of the universe as a harmonious whole, is derived from the ancient Romans, who associated it with Jupiter and, hence, with the emperor as his earthly representative.

Learn more about orb with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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8
9
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