follow Dictionary.com

What is the X in X-mas?

above

[uh-buhv] /əˈbʌv/
adverb
1.
in, at, or to a higher place.
2.
overhead, upstairs, or in the sky:
My brother lives in the apartment above. A flock of birds circled above.
3.
higher in rank, authority, or power:
She was told to speak to the person above.
4.
higher in quantity or number:
books with 100 pages and above.
5.
before or earlier, especially in a book or other piece of writing; foregoing:
the remark quoted above.
Compare below (def 6).
6.
in or to heaven:
gone to her eternal rest above.
7.
Zoology. on the upper or dorsal side.
8.
Theater. upstage.
Compare below (def 9).
9.
higher than zero on the temperature scale:
The temperature dropped to ten above this morning.
preposition
10.
in or to a higher place than; over:
to fly above the clouds; the floor above ours.
11.
more in quantity or number than; in excess of:
all girls above 12 years of age; The weight is above a ton.
12.
superior in rank, authority, or standing to:
A captain is above a lieutenant.
13.
not subject or liable to; not capable of (some undesirable action, thought, etc.):
above suspicion; to be above bad behavior.
14.
of too fine a character for:
He is above such trickery.
15.
rather than; in preference to:
to favor one child above the other.
16.
beyond, especially north of:
six miles above Baltimore.
17.
Theater. upstage of.
adjective
18.
said, mentioned, or written above; foregoing:
the above explanation.
noun
19.
something that was said, mentioned, or written above:
to refer to the above.
20.
the person or persons previously indicated:
The above will all stand trial.
21.
heaven:
truly a gift from above.
22.
a higher authority:
an order from above.
Idioms
23.
above all, most important of all; principally:
charity above all.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English above(n) (Cf. aboon), Old English abufan, onbufan (a-1, on + bufan above (cognate with Dutch boven), equivalent to b(e) by + ufan, cognate with Old Frisian uva, Old Saxon oban(a), Old High German obana, German oben, Old Norse ofan above; akin to over); see up; cf. about for formation
Usage note
Above as an adjective (the above data) or as a noun (study the above) referring to what has been mentioned earlier in a piece of writing has long been standard. A few critics object to these uses in general writing, believing that they are more appropriate in business or technical contexts; they occur, however, in all kinds of edited writing.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
British Dictionary definitions for aboves

above

/əˈbʌv/
preposition
1.
on top of or higher than; over: the sky above the earth
2.
greater than in quantity or degree: above average in weight
3.
superior to or prior to: to place honour above wealth
4.
too honourable or high-minded for: above petty gossiping
5.
too respected for; beyond: above suspicion, above reproach
6.
too difficult to be understood by: the talk was above me
7.
louder or higher than (other noise): I heard her call above the radio
8.
in preference to: I love you above all others
9.
north of: which town lies just above London?
10.
upstream from
11.
above all, most of all; especially
12.
above and beyond, in addition to
13.
above oneself, presumptuous or conceited
adverb
14.
in or to a higher place: the sky above
15.
  1. in a previous place (in something written)
  2. (in combination): the above-mentioned clause
16.
higher in rank or position
17.
in or concerned with heaven: seek the things that are above
noun
18.
the above, something that is above or previously mentioned
adjective
19.
mentioned or appearing in a previous place (in something written)
Word Origin
Old English abufan, from a- on + bufan above
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for aboves

above

adv.

Old English abufan, earlier onbufan, from on (see on) + bufan "over," compound of be "by" (see by) + ufan "over/high," from Proto-Germanic *ufan-, *uban- (cf. Old Saxon, Old High German oban, German oben), from PIE root *upo (see up (adv.)). Meaning "in addition" first corded 1590s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Idioms and Phrases with aboves
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for above

All English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for aboves

11
13
Scrabble Words With Friends

Nearby words for aboves