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albinism

[al-buh-niz-uh m] /ˈæl bəˌnɪz əm/
noun
1.
the state or condition of being an albino.
Origin
1830-1840
1830-40; albin(o) + -ism
Related forms
albinistic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for albinism
  • They are prone to albinism, occasionally appearing totally white.
  • albinism occurs across nature, as well as in humans.
  • There are several different genes on several different chromosomes which when mutated can cause albinism.
Word Origin and History for albinism
n.

1836; see albino + -ism. Alternative form albinoism is recorded from 1868.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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albinism in Medicine

albinism al·bi·nism (āl'bə-nĭz'əm)
n.

  1. Congenital absence of normal pigmentation or coloration in the eyes only or in the skin, hair, and eyes.

  2. The condition of being an albino.


al'bi·not'ic (-nŏt'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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albinism in Science
albino
  (āl-bī'nō)   
An organism lacking normal pigmentation or coloration. Animals that are albinos lack pigmentation due to a congenital absence of melanin. In humans and other mammals, albinos have white hair, pale skin, and usually pinkish eyes. Plants that are albinos lack normal amounts of chlorophyll or other pigments.

albinism noun (āl'bə-nĭz'əm)
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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