the state or condition of being an albino.

1830–40; albin(o) + -ism

albinistic, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
albino (ælˈbiːnəʊ)
n , pl -nos
1.  a person with congenital absence of pigmentation in the skin, eyes, and hair
2.  any animal or plant that is deficient in pigment
[C18: via Portuguese from Spanish, from albo white, from Latin albus]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1836; see albino. Alt. form albinoism is recorded from 1868.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

albinism al·bi·nism (āl'bə-nĭz'əm)

  1. Congenital absence of normal pigmentation or coloration in the eyes only or in the skin, hair, and eyes.

  2. The condition of being an albino.

al'bi·not'ic (-nŏt'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
albino   (āl-bī'nō)  Pronunciation Key 
An organism lacking normal pigmentation or coloration. Animals that are albinos lack pigmentation due to a congenital absence of melanin. In humans and other mammals, albinos have white hair, pale skin, and usually pinkish eyes. Plants that are albinos lack normal amounts of chlorophyll or other pigments.

albinism noun (āl'bə-nĭz'əm)
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
They are prone to albinism, occasionally appearing totally white.
Albinism occurs across nature, as well as in humans.
There are several different genes on several different chromosomes which when mutated can cause albinism.
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