anaphora

[uh-naf-er-uh]
noun
1.
Also called epanaphora. Rhetoric. repetition of a word or words at the beginning of two or more successive verses, clauses, or sentences. Compare epistrophe ( def 1 ), symploce.
2.
Grammar. the use of a word as a regular grammatical substitute for a preceding word or group of words, as the use of it and do in I know it and he does too. Compare cataphora.
3.
(sometimes initial capital letter) Eastern Church.
a.
the prayer of oblation and consecration in the Divine Liturgy during which the Eucharistic elements are offered.
b.
the part of the ceremony during which the Eucharistic elements are offered as an oblation.

Origin:
1580–90; < Late Latin < Greek: a bringing back, repeating, equivalent to ana- ana- + -phora, akin to phérein to carry, bring; cf. -phore, -phorous

anaphoral, adjective
preanaphoral, adjective
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World English Dictionary
anaphora (əˈnæfərə)
 
n
1.  grammar cataphora Compare exophoric the use of a word such as a pronoun that has the same reference as a word previously used in the same discourse. In the sentence John wrote the essay in the library but Peter did it at home, both did and it are examples of anaphora
2.  rhetoric the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses
 
[C16: via Latin from Greek: repetition, from anapherein, from ana- + pherein to bear]

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Word Origin & History

anaphora
repetition of a word or phrase in successive clauses, 1580s, from L., from Gk. anaphora "a carrying back," from anapherein "to carry back," ana "back" + pherein "to bear" (see infer).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

anaphora

(Greek: "a carrying up or back"), a literary or oratorical device involving the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several sentences or clauses, as in the well-known passage from the Old Testament (Ecclesiastes 3:1-2) that begins:For everything there is a season, and a timefor every matter under heaven:a time to be born, and a time to die;a time to plant, and a time to pluck upwhat is planted; . . .

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Reviews theories on discourse and sentential anaphora.
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