autocracy

[aw-tok-ruh-see]
noun, plural autocracies.
1.
government in which one person has uncontrolled or unlimited authority over others; the government or power of an absolute monarch.
2.
a nation, state, or community ruled by an autocrat.
3.
unlimited authority, power, or influence of one person in any group.

Origin:
1645–55; < Greek autokráteia power over oneself, sole power, equivalent to autokrat(ḗs) autocrat + -eia -ia; see -cracy

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
autocracy (ɔːˈtɒkrəsɪ)
 
n , pl -cies
1.  government by an individual with unrestricted authority
2.  the unrestricted authority of such an individual
3.  a country, society, etc, ruled by an autocrat

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

autocracy
1650s, "independent power, self-sustained power," from Fr. autocratie, from Gk. autokrateia "ruling by oneself," noun of state from autokrates (see autocrat). Meaning "absolute government, supreme political power" is recorded from 1855.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
autocracy [(aw-tok-ruh-see)]

A system of government in which supreme political power is held by one person. (Compare constitutional monarchy, democracy, and oligarchy.)

Note: Iraq under Saddam Hussein is an autocracy.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
One-party autocracy certainly has its drawbacks.
There was autocracy in political life, and it was superseded by democracy.
Otherwise, institutions tend over time to atrophy and give way to autocracy.
They are more despotic than a monarchy, more insolent than autocracy, and more
  selfish than bureaucracy.
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