bark

1 [bahrk]
noun
1.
the abrupt, harsh, explosive cry of a dog.
2.
a similar sound made by another animal, as a fox.
3.
a short, explosive sound, as of firearms: the bark of a revolver.
4.
a brusque order, reply, etc.: The foreman's bark sent the idlers back to their machines.
5.
a cough.
verb (used without object)
6.
(of a dog or other animal) to utter an abrupt, explosive cry or a series of such cries.
7.
to make a similar sound: The big guns barked.
8.
to speak or cry out sharply or gruffly: a man who barks at his children.
9.
Informal. to advertise a theater performance, carnival sideshow, or the like, by standing at the entrance and calling out to passersby.
10.
to cough.
verb (used with object)
11.
to utter in a harsh, shouting tone: barking orders at her subordinates.
Idioms
12.
bark at the moon, to protest in vain: Telling her that she's misinformed is just barking at the moon.
13.
bark up the wrong tree, to assail or pursue the wrong person or object; misdirect one's efforts: If he expects me to get him a job, he's barking up the wrong tree.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English berken, Old English beorcan; akin to Old English borcian to bark, Old Norse berkja to bluster, Lithuanian burgė́ti to growl, quarrel, Serbo-Croatian br̀gljati to murmur

barkless, adjective


11. shout, bellow, yell, roar, bawl.
Dictionary.com Unabridged

bark

2 [bahrk]
noun
1.
the external covering of the woody stems, branches, and roots of plants, as distinct and separable from the wood itself.
2.
Tanning. a mixture of oak and hemlock barks.
3.
candy, usually of chocolate with large pieces of nuts, made in flat sheets.
verb (used with object)
4.
to rub off or scrape the skin of, as by bumping into something: to bark one's shins.
5.
to remove a circle of bark from; girdle.
6.
to cover, enclose, or encrust with or as if with bark.
7.
to treat with a bark infusion; tan.
8.
to strip the bark from; peel.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English < Old Norse bǫrkr (genitive barkar)

barkless, adjective

bark

3 [bahrk]
noun
1.
Nautical. a sailing vessel having three or more masts, square-rigged on all but the aftermost mast, which is fore-and-aft-rigged.
2.
Literary. a boat or sailing vessel.
Also, barque.


Origin:
1425–75; late Middle English barke < Old French barqueLate Latin barca, Latin *bārica, bāris < Greek bâris Egyptian barge < Coptic barī barge

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
bark1 (bɑːk)
 
n
1.  the loud abrupt usually harsh or gruff cry of a dog or any of certain other animals
2.  a similar sound, such as one made by a person, gun, etc
3.  his bark is worse than his bite he is bad-tempered but harmless
 
vb
4.  (intr) (of a dog or any of certain other animals) to make its typical loud abrupt cry
5.  (intr) (of a person, gun, etc) to make a similar loud harsh sound
6.  to say or shout in a brusque, peremptory, or angry tone: he barked an order
7.  informal (US) to advertise (a show, merchandise, etc) by loudly addressing passers-by
8.  informal bark up the wrong tree to misdirect one's attention, efforts, etc; be mistaken
 
[Old English beorcan; related to Lithuanian burgěti to quarrel, growl]

bark2 (bɑːk)
 
n
1.  a protective layer of dead corky cells on the outside of the stems of woody plants
2.  any of several varieties of this substance that can be used in tanning, dyeing, or in medicine
3.  an informal name for cinchona
 
vb
4.  to scrape or rub off skin, as in an injury
5.  to remove the bark or a circle of bark from (a tree or log)
6.  to cover or enclose with bark
7.  to tan (leather), principally by the tannins in barks
 
[C13: from Old Norse börkr; related to Swedish, Danish bark, German Borke; compare Old Norse björkrbirch]

bark3 (bɑːk)
 
n
a variant spelling (esp US) of barque

barque or esp (US) bark (bɑːk)
 
n
1.  a sailing ship of three or more masts having the foremasts rigged square and the aftermast rigged fore-and-aft
2.  poetic any boat, esp a small sailing vessel
 
[C15: from Old French, from Old Provençal barca, from Late Latin, of unknown origin]
 
bark or esp (US) bark
 
n
 
[C15: from Old French, from Old Provençal barca, from Late Latin, of unknown origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bark
"tree skin," c.1300, from O.N. borkr "bark," from P.Gmc. *barkuz, which is probably related to birch and Low Ger. borke. The native word was rind.

bark
"any small ship," early 15c., from M.Fr. barque, from L.L. barca (c.400 C.E.), probably cognate with V.L. *barica (see barge). More precise sense of "three-masted ship" (17c.) often is spelled barque to distinguish it.

bark
"dog sound," O.E. beorcan, from P.Gmc. *berkanan (cf. O.N. berkja "to bark"), of echoic origin. Barker "noisy assistant in an auction or show" is from late 15c. To bark up the wrong tree is U.S. colloquial, first attested 1832, from notion of hounds following the wrong scent.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
bark   (bärk)  Pronunciation Key 
The protective outer covering of the trunk, branches, and roots of trees and other woody plants. Bark includes all tissues outside the vascular cambium. In older trees, bark is usually divided into inner bark, consisting of living phloem, and outer bark, consisting of the periderm (the phelloderm, cork cambium, and cork) and all the tissues outside it. The outer bark is mainly dead tissue that protects the tree from heat, cold, insects, and other dangers. The appearance of bark varies according to the manner in which the periderm forms, as in broken layers or smoother rings. Bark also has lenticels, porous corky areas that allow for the exchange of water vapor and gases with the interior living tissues.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

bark

In addition to the idioms beginning with bark, also see talk one's arm off (the bark off a tree).

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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Example sentences
Add a layer of mulch such as ground bark around the plant.
The plant grows as a small tree or shrub and retains moisture behind its bark, making it a valuable ally against dehydration.
The beetles, the size of a grain of rice, bore into the bark.
Litter drifts around empty pitches, wasps hover near overflowing bins and dogs
  bark outside each embattled caravan.
Images for bark
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