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[bih-lawng, -long]
verb (used without object)
to be in the relation of a member, adherent, inhabitant, etc. (usually followed by to ): He belongs to the Knights of Columbus.
to have the proper qualifications, especially social qualifications, to be a member of a group: You don't belong in this club.
to be proper or due; be properly or appropriately placed, situated, etc.: Books belong in every home. This belongs on the shelf. He is a statesman who belongs among the great.
Verb phrases
belong to,
to be the property of: The book belongs to her.
to be a part or adjunct of: That cover belongs to this jar.

1300–50; Middle English belongen, equivalent to be- be- + longen to belong, verbal derivative of long (adj.) belonging, Old English gelang along1

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
belong (bɪˈlɒŋ)
vb (foll by to, under, with, etc)
1.  (foll by to) to be the property or possession (of)
2.  (foll by to) to be bound to (a person, place, or club) by ties of affection, dependence, allegiance, or membership
3.  to be classified (with): this plant belongs to the daisy family
4.  (foll by to) to be a part or adjunct (of): this top belongs to the smaller box
5.  to have a proper or usual place: that plate belongs in the cupboard
6.  informal to be suitable or acceptable, esp socially: although they were rich, they just didn't belong
[C14 belongen, from be- (intensive) + longen; related to Old High German bilangēn to reach; see long³]

belonging (bɪˈlɒŋɪŋ)
secure relationship; affinity (esp in the phrase a sense of belonging)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

mid-14c., "to go along with, relate to," from be- intensive prefix, + O.E. langian "pertain to, to go along with." Sense of "to be the property of" first recorded late 14c. Related to M.Du. belanghen, Du. belangen, Ger. belangen. Replaced earlier O.E. gelang, with completive prefix ge-.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The yearlings are trying to self-identify by a sense of belonging to a puck.
Students are drawn to the community college by the infectious sense of
  belonging that such a place emanates.
It gives me a great sense of belonging to something bigger.
Such people rather need to recover their essential sense of belonging, a gift
  normally bestowed during infancy.
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