boson

[boh-son]
noun Physics.
any particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics: bosons have integral spins: 0, 1, 2, …
Compare fermion.


Origin:
1945–50; named after S. N. Bose (1894–1974), Indian physicist; see -on1

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World English Dictionary
boson (ˈbəʊzɒn)
 
n
Compare fermion any of a group of elementary particles, such as a photon or pion, that has zero or integral spin and obeys the rules of Bose-Einstein statistics
 
[C20: named after Satyendra Nath Bose; see -on]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

boson
class of subatomic particles, named for Indian physicist S.N. Bose (1894-1974) + subatomic particle suffix -on.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
boson   (bō'sŏn)  Pronunciation Key 
Any of a class of elementary or composite particles, including the photon, pion, and gluon, that are not subject to the Pauli exclusion principle (that is, any two bosons can potentially be in the same quantum state). The value of the spin of a boson is always an integer. Mesons are bosons, as are the gauge bosons (the particles that mediate the fundamental forces). They are named after the physicist Satyendra Nath Bose. Compare fermion, See Note at elementary particle. See Table at subatomic particle.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
To whatever makes up a boson, it lives and dies on its own time scale.
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