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bunion

[buhn-yuh n] /ˈbʌn yən/
noun, Podiatry.
1.
inflammation of the synovial bursa of the great toe, usually resulting in enlargement of the joint and lateral displacement of the toe.
Origin
late Middle English
1710-1720
1710-20; perhaps alteration of bunny (obsolete) lump, swelling, late Middle English bony, probably alteration of Old French buigne, buyne (French beigne) swelling, of Germanic orig.; cf. beignet
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for bunion
  • People with bunions often develop a callus over the bunion because it rubs against the shoe.
  • The risk is increased when the toes are already crowded by the pressure of a bunion.
  • Even direct impressions are painted over with gilding, as if to perfect their shape, eliminate evidence of the unsightly bunion.
  • After having a bunion surgery, patients are given a pain medicine injection that may last for up to several days or a placebo.
  • The examiner recommended bunion pads and shoe modifications.
  • She was treated with a bunion shield and arch cookies.
British Dictionary definitions for bunion

bunion

/ˈbʌnjən/
noun
1.
swelling of the first joint of the big toe, which is displaced to one side. An inflamed bursa forms over the joint
Word Origin
C18: perhaps from obsolete bunny a swelling, of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for bunion
n.

1718, apparently from East Anglian dialectic bunny "lump, swelling" (16c.), which is probably from Middle French buigne "bump on the head, swelling from a blow" (see bun).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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bunion in Medicine

bunion bun·ion (bŭn'yən)
n.
A localized swelling at either the medial or dorsal aspect of the first joint of the big toe, caused by an inflamed bursa.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for bunion

type of bursitis that appears as a bulge covered by thickened skin occurring at the base of the big toe, where friction against the side of the shoe takes place. The protuberance is due to a swelling of the bursa mucosa, a closed sac filled with a clear, lubricating fluid. The bunion causes pain, localized tenderness, and limitation of motion, and it results in permanent deformation, forcing the toe toward the little toe.

Learn more about bunion with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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