9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[bur-juh n] /ˈbɜr dʒən/
verb (used without object)
to grow or develop quickly; flourish:
The town burgeoned into a city. He burgeoned into a fine actor.
to begin to grow, as a bud; put forth buds, shoots, etc., as a plant (often followed by out, forth).
verb (used with object)
to put forth, as buds.
a bud; sprout.
Also, bourgeon.
Origin of burgeon
1275-1325; (noun) Middle English burjon, burion; shoot, bud < Anglo-French burjun, burg(e)on; Old French burjon < Vulgar Latin *burriōne(m), accusative of *burriō, derivative of Late Latin burra wool, fluff (compare bourrée, bureau), presumably from the down covering certain buds; (v.) Middle English burg(e)onen, borgen < Anglo-French, Old French, derivative of the noun
1. bloom, blossom, mushroom, expand.
Usage note
The two senses of burgeon, “to bud” (The maples are burgeoning) and “to grow or flourish” (The suburbs around the city have been burgeoning under the impact of commercial growth), date from the 14th century. Today the sense “to grow or flourish” is the more common. Occasionally, objections are raised to the use of this sense, perhaps because of its popularity in journalistic writing. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for burgeoning
  • There's a burgeoning market for techy gizmos for preschoolers.
  • In the burgeoning world of carbon capture technology , all sorts of interesting things are popping up.
  • The burgeoning population mentioned in the article is the problem, and without it there would be no crisis.
  • Historically, moreover, older periods of cultural burgeoning were also periods of burgeoning of early science.
  • The animals are endangered by a burgeoning trade in their meat and outbreaks of viruses such as Ebola.
  • The competition is a showcase for the burgeoning field of synthetic biology.
  • Their burgeoning friendship withstands a series of trials, as each event strengthens their bond.
  • The shyness Rondo displays with the news media belies his grit and burgeoning confidence.
  • Goldberger's fascination with the burgeoning industry was sealed.
  • They are typical representatives of the burgeoning consumer class that has done well from the past decade's oil-fuelled growth.
British Dictionary definitions for burgeoning


often foll by forth or out. (of a plant) to sprout (buds)
(intransitive; often foll by forth or out) to develop or grow rapidly; flourish
a bud of a plant
Word Origin
C13: from Old French burjon, perhaps ultimately from Late Latin burra shaggy cloth; from the downiness of certain buds
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for burgeoning



early 14c., "grow, sprout, blossom," from Anglo-French burjuner, Old French borjoner "to bud, sprout," from borjon "a bud, shoot, pimple" (Modern French bourgeon), of uncertain origin. Perhaps from Vulgar Latin *burrionem (nominative *burrio), from Late Latin burra "flock of wool," itself of uncertain origin. Some sources (Kitchin, Gamillscheg) say either the French word or the Vulgar Latin one is from Germanic. The English verb is perhaps instead a native development from burjoin (n.) "a bud" (c.1300), from Old French. Related: Burgeoned; burgeoning.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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