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capriccio

[kuh-pree-chee-oh; Italian kah-preet-chaw] /kəˈpri tʃiˌoʊ; Italian kɑˈprit tʃɔ/
noun, plural capriccios, capricci
[kuh-pree-chee; Italian kah-preet-chee] /kəˈpri tʃi; Italian kɑˈprit tʃi/ (Show IPA)
1.
Music. a composition in a free, irregular style.
2.
a caper; prank.
3.
a whim; caprice.
Origin
1595-1605
1595-1605; < Italian, perhaps a shortening of caporiccio head with bristling hair
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for capriccio

capriccio

/kəˈprɪtʃɪˌəʊ/
noun (pl) -priccios, -pricci (-ˈpriːtʃɪ), -prices
1.
(music) a lively piece composed freely and without adhering to the rules for any specific musical form
Word Origin
C17: from Italian: caprice
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for capriccio
n.

1690s as a term in music for a kind of free composition, from Italian capriccio "sudden start or motion" (see caprice). Earlier it meant "prank, trick" (1660s); "caprice" (c.1600).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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