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charisma

[kuh-riz-muh] /kəˈrɪz mə/
noun, plural charismata
[kuh-riz-muh-tuh] /kəˈrɪz mə tə/ (Show IPA)
1.
Theology. a divinely conferred gift or power.
2.
a spiritual power or personal quality that gives an individual influence or authority over large numbers of people.
3.
the special virtue of an office, function, position, etc., that confers or is thought to confer on the person holding it an unusual ability for leadership, worthiness of veneration, or the like.
Also, charism
[kar-iz-uh m] /ˈkær ɪz əm/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1635-1645
1635-45; < Late Latin < Greek, equivalent to char- (base of cháris favor, charízesthai to favor; akin to yearn, exhort) + -isma -ism
Synonyms
2. charm, magnetism, presence.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for charisma
  • But he certainly had a personal charisma that earned him followers.
  • Giant pandas possess the charisma that politicians and movie stars dream of-and people crave a glimpse.
  • We scholars have done little to rectify the situation, what with our boring books and our excesses of anti-charisma.
  • Her halting voice and self-conscious demeanor make an island of negative charisma onstage.
  • But while those digital synths do more for around the same price, they don't have this much charisma or personality.
  • His charisma consists of having no obvious charisma except phenomenal concentration and guts.
  • He is a vigorous politician with a grandfatherly sort of charisma.
  • Both hidden their true selves with charisma and lies without blinking an eye.
  • Photographs and snatches of videotape don't quite capture it because fundamentally what people were talking about was charisma.
  • He brings a charisma and a consumer attraction that marketers covet.
British Dictionary definitions for charisma

charisma

/kəˈrɪzmə/
noun
1.
a special personal quality or power of an individual making him capable of influencing or inspiring large numbers of people
2.
a quality inherent in a thing which inspires great enthusiasm and devotion
3.
(Christianity) a divinely bestowed power or talent
Derived Forms
charismatic (ˌkærɪzˈmætɪk) adjective
Word Origin
C17: from Church Latin, from Greek kharisma, from kharis grace, favour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for charisma
charisma
c.1930, from Ger., used by Max Weber (1864-1920) in "Wirtschaft u. Gesellschaft" (1922) for "gift or power of leadership or authority," from Gk. kharisma "favor, divine gift," from kharizesthai "to show favor to," from charis "grace, beauty, kindness," related to chairein "to rejoice at," from PIE base *gher- "to desire, like." More mundane sense of "personal charm" first recorded 1959.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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charisma in Culture
charisma [(kuh-riz-muh)]

Extraordinary power and appeal of personality; natural ability to inspire a large following.

Note: Political leaders such as John F. Kennedy, religious leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr., and entertainment figures such as Greta Garbo have all been described as charismatic.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for charisma

attribute of astonishing power and capacity ascribed to the person and personality of extraordinarily magnetic leaders. Such leaders may be political and secular as well as religious. They challenge the traditional order, for either good or ill.

Learn more about charisma with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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