cirrhosis

[si-roh-sis]
noun Pathology.
a disease of the liver characterized by increase of connective tissue and alteration in gross and microscopic makeup.

Origin:
1830–40; < Greek kirrh(ós) orange-tawny + -osis

cirrhotic [si-rot-ik] , adjective
cirrhosed, adjective

cirrhosis, xerosis.
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World English Dictionary
cirrhosis (sɪˈrəʊsɪs)
 
n
Also called: cirrhosis of the liver any of various progressive diseases of the liver, characterized by death of liver cells, irreversible fibrosis, etc: caused by inadequate diet, excessive alcohol, chronic infection, etc
 
[C19: New Latin, from Greek kirrhos orange-coloured + -osis; referring to the appearance of the diseased liver]
 
cir'rhosed
 
adj
 
cirrhotic
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

cirrhosis
1840s, coined by Fr. physician René-Théophile-Hyacinthe Laennec (1781-1826), from Gk. kirrhos "tawny," for the orange-yellow appearance of the diseased liver.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

cirrhosis cir·rho·sis (sĭ-rō'sĭs)
n.

  1. A chronic disease of the liver characterized by the replacement of normal tissue with fibrous tissue and the loss of functional liver cells. It can result from alcohol abuse, nutritional deprivation, or infection especially by the hepatitis virus.

  2. Chronic interstitial inflammation of any tissue or organ. Also called fibroid induration.


cir·rhot'ic (-rŏt'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
cirrhosis   (sĭ-rō'sĭs)  Pronunciation Key 
A chronic disease of the liver characterized by the replacement of normal tissue with scar tissue and the loss of functional liver cells. It is most commonly caused by chronic alcohol abuse, but can also result from nutritional deprivation or infection, especially by the hepatitis virus.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
cirrhosis [(suh-roh-sis)]

A chronic disease of the liver, characterized by replacement of normal liver cells with a form of connective tissue. Owing to the scarring caused by this disease, irreversible damage to the liver can result.

Note: Cirrhosis is often associated with alcoholism.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Cirrhosis is an irreversible result of various disorders that damage liver
  cells over time.
Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver and poor liver function.
Other treatments specifically for emphysema and cirrhosis are also used.
Other treatments for emphysema and cirrhosis are also used.
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