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cloying

[kloi-ing] /ˈklɔɪ ɪŋ/
adjective
1.
causing or tending to cause disgust or aversion through excess:
a perfume of cloying sweetness.
2.
overly ingratiating or sentimental.
Origin
1540-1550
1540-50; cloy + -ing2
Related forms
cloyingly, adverb
uncloying, adjective

cloy

[kloi] /klɔɪ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to weary by an excess of food, sweetness, pleasure, etc.; surfeit; satiate.
verb (used without object)
2.
to become uninteresting or distasteful through overabundance:
A diet of cake and candy soon cloys.
Origin
1350-1400; aphetic variant of Middle English acloyen < Middle French enclo(y)er < Late Latin inclāvāre to nail in, equivalent to in- in-2 + -clāvāre, verbal derivative of clāvus nail
Related forms
overcloy, verb (used with object)
uncloyed, adjective
Synonyms
1. glut, sate, bore.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for cloying
  • The flesh was creamy and sweet, though far from cloying.
  • Palate entry is delightfully off-dry to sweet but neither cloying nor heavy.
  • At other times, though, it is cloying and even claustrophobic.
  • They also permit a degree of whimsy that may seem cloying in a restaurant.
  • The elusive truffle flavor cuts the cloying sweetness of the honey and is a natural with the cheese.
  • By doing so, he makes lyrics that could become cloying seem both understated and internationalist.
  • It's horribly cloying and cynical-and both of its stars are serial offenders.
  • Painting the woodwork a bright white keeps the look crisp, not cloying.
  • Occasionally, the solos were so choreographically rich that they threatened to turn cloying.
  • Helicopters circle overhead and the air has a strange cloying smell.
British Dictionary definitions for cloying

cloying

/ˈklɔɪɪŋ/
adjective
1.
initially pleasurable or sweet but wearying in excess
Derived Forms
cloyingly, adverb

cloy

/klɔɪ/
verb
1.
to make weary or cause weariness through an excess of something initially pleasurable or sweet
Word Origin
C14 (originally: to nail, hence, to obstruct): from earlier acloyen, from Old French encloer, from Medieval Latin inclavāre, from Latin clāvāre to nail, from clāvus a nail
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for cloying
adj.

1640s, present participle adjective from cloy (v.). Related: Cloyingly; cloyingness.

cloy

v.

"weary by too much, fill to loathing, surfeit," 1520s, from Middle English cloyen "hinder movement, encumber" (late 14c.), a shortening of accloyen (early 14c.), from Old French encloer "to fasten with a nail, grip, grasp," figuratively "to hinder, check, stop, curb," from Late Latin inclavare "drive a nail into a horse's foot when shoeing," from Latin clavus "a nail" (see slot (n.2)).

Accloye is a hurt that cometh of shooing, when a Smith driveth a nail in the quick, which make him to halt. [Edward Topsell, "The History of Four-footed Beasts," 1607]
The figurative meaning "fill to a satiety, overfill" is attested for accloy from late 14c. Related: Cloyed; cloying.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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