cortisone

[kawr-tuh-zohn, -sohn]
noun
1.
Biochemistry. a steroid hormone of the adrenal cortex, C 21 H 28 O 5 , active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism.
2.
Pharmacology. a commercial form of this compound, obtained by extraction from the adrenal glands of certain domesticated animals or produced synthetically, used chiefly in the treatment of arthritis, rheumatic fever, certain allergies, and other systemic conditions.

Origin:
1949; shortening of cortico-sterone; see sterol, -one

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World English Dictionary
cortisone (ˈkɔːtɪˌsəʊn, -ˌzəʊn)
 
n
a glucocorticoid hormone, the synthetic form of which has been used in treating rheumatoid arthritis, allergic and skin diseases, leukaemia, etc; 17-hydroxy-11-dehydrocorticosterone. Formula: C21H28O5
 
[C20: shortened from corticosterone]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

cortisone
1949, coined by its discoverer, Dr. Edward C. Kendall, shortening of chemical name, 17-hydroxy-11 dehydrocorticosterone, ult. from L. corticis (gen. of cortex). So called because it was obtained from the "cortex" of adrenal glands; originally called Compound E (1936).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

cortisone cor·ti·sone (kôr'tĭ-sōn', -zōn')
n.
A naturally occurring corticosteroid that functions primarily in carbohydrate metabolism and is used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, adrenal insufficiency, certain allergies, and gout.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
cortisone   (kôr'tĭ-sōn')  Pronunciation Key 
A steroid hormone that is easily formed from or converted to cortisol in the blood and is also produced synthetically for use as a pharmaceutical. The effects of cortisone on body tissues are similar to those of naturally or synthetically produced cortisol.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
cortisone [(kawr-ti-zohn)]

A hormone secreted by the adrenal glands that is important in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. It is used in medicine to treat some forms of arthritis and to reduce inflammation.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Suffering from a spinal cord injury, he decides to give the horse a cortisone
  shot.
They described the problem as life-threatening and requiring regular doses of
  cortisone.
The best way to treat them is with an over-the-counter topical cortisone cream,
  available at any pharmacy.
It's the left knee that's given him issues lately, and he received a cortisone
  shot in it recently.
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