dictate

[v. dik-teyt, dik-teyt; n. dik-teyt]
verb (used with object), dictated, dictating.
1.
to say or read (something) aloud for another person to transcribe or for a machine to record: to dictate some letters to a secretary.
2.
to prescribe or lay down authoritatively or peremptorily; command unconditionally: to dictate peace terms to a conquered enemy.
verb (used without object), dictated, dictating.
3.
to say or read aloud something to be written down by a person or recorded by a machine.
4.
to give orders.
noun
5.
an authoritative order or command.
6.
a guiding or governing principle, requirement, etc.: to follow the dictates of one's conscience.

Origin:
1585–95; < Latin dictātus, past participle of dictāre to say repeatedly, prescribe, order, frequentative of dīcere to say

dictatingly, adverb
misdictated, adjective
predictate, verb (used with object), predictated, predictating.
redictate, verb, redictated, redictating.
undictated, adjective


6. bidding, urging, prompting.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
dictate
 
vb
1.  to say (messages, letters, speeches, etc) aloud for mechanical recording or verbatim transcription by another person
2.  (tr) to prescribe (commands) authoritatively
3.  (intr) to act in a tyrannical manner; seek to impose one's will on others
 
n
4.  an authoritative command
5.  a guiding principle or rule: the dictates of reason
 
[C17: from Latin dictāre to say repeatedly, order, from dīcere to say]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

dictate
1590s, "to practice dictation," from L. dictatus, pp. of dictare "say often, prescribe," frequentative of dicere "tell, say" (see diction). Sense of "command" is 1620s. The noun is from 1590s. Related: Dictated; dictates; dictating.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The president-elect was dictating memos to his secretary in between clicks of
  the camera.
Individuality seems to be eradicated by advertising and magazines that are
  dictating our understanding of beauty.
We learned later that a barely controlled terror was dictating his pace.
The problem is, however, there is no one manual dictating how it should be
  written.
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