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discourage

[dih-skur-ij, -skuhr-] /dɪˈskɜr ɪdʒ, -ˈskʌr-/
verb (used with object), discouraged, discouraging.
1.
to deprive of courage, hope, or confidence; dishearten; dispirit.
2.
to dissuade (usually followed by from).
3.
to obstruct by opposition or difficulty; hinder:
Low prices discourage industry.
4.
to express or make clear disapproval of; frown upon:
to discourage the expression of enthusiasm.
verb (used without object), discouraged, discouraging.
5.
to become discouraged:
a person who discourages easily.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English discoragen < Middle French descorager, Old French descoragier. See dis-1, courage
Related forms
discourager, noun
discourageable, adjective
discouragingly, adverb
overdiscourage, verb (used with object), overdiscouraged, overdiscouraging.
prediscourage, verb (used with object), prediscouraged, prediscouraging.
undiscourageable, adjective
undiscouraged, adjective
undiscouraging, adjective
undiscouragingly, adverb
Synonyms
1. daunt, depress, deject, overawe, cow, abash. Discourage, dismay, intimidate mean to dishearten or frighten. To discourage is to dishearten by expressing disapproval or by suggesting that a contemplated action or course will probably fail: He was discouraged from going into business. To dismay is to dishearten completely: Her husband's philandering dismayed her. To intimidate is to frighten, as by threats of force, violence, or dire consequences: to intimidate a witness.
Antonyms
1. encourage.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for discouraging
  • The cells help hold blood in and encourage it to move along, discouraging clots.
  • The same stark contrast prevails in other fault zones: encouraging ideas, discouraging progress.
  • It was dreadfully heavy and discouraging, and not even the strawberry jam had power to redeem it.
  • But he does not illuminate the difference between discouraging criticism and constructive criticism.
  • The first was a dog that had a discouraging tendency to lunge, unpredictably, at the throats of people nearby.
  • On the other hand, the narrative was thoroughly discouraging.
  • That's why the discouraging of significantly newer or more efficient technologies.
  • They function as a gnomic clue that what you are seeing is intentional, while discouraging further conversation or inquiry.
  • We are discouraging transportation investments that negatively affect cyclists and pedestrians.
  • Some of these expectations may be encouraging and some discouraging.
British Dictionary definitions for discouraging

discourage

/dɪsˈkʌrɪdʒ/
verb (transitive)
1.
to deprive of the will to persist in something
2.
to inhibit; prevent this solution discourages rust
3.
to oppose by expressing disapproval
Derived Forms
discouragement, noun
discourager, noun
discouragingly, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for discouraging

discourage

v.

mid-15c., discoragen, from Middle French descourager, from Old French descoragier, from des- "away" (see dis-) + corage (see courage). Related: Discouraged; discouragement; discouraging.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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