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engross

[en-grohs] /ɛnˈgroʊs/
verb (used with object)
1.
to occupy completely, as the mind or attention; absorb:
Their discussion engrossed his attention. She is engrossed in her work.
2.
to write or copy in a clear, attractive, large script or in a formal manner, as a public document or record:
to engross a deed.
3.
to acquire the whole of (a commodity), in order to control the market; monopolize.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English engros(s)en to gather in large quantities, draft (a will, etc.) in final form < Anglo-French engrosser, partly < Medieval Latin ingrossāre to thicken, write large and thick (Latin in- in-2 + gross(us) thick + -āre infinitive suffix); partly < Anglo-French, Middle French en gros in quantity, wholesale < Latin in + grossus; see gross
Related forms
engrossedly
[en-groh-sid-lee, -grohst-] /ɛnˈgroʊ sɪd li, -ˈgroʊst-/ (Show IPA),
adverb
engrosser, noun
reengross, verb (used with object)
self-engrossed, adjective
unengrossed, adjective
Synonyms
1. involve, immerse, engage.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for engross
  • His duties called him elsewhere, and would engross all his energies until the rebellion is put down.
  • Each house employed a clerk to keep minutes and to engross copies of the laws.
  • It may engross a vast, unknown, and perhaps unknowable area.
  • But such sports should not engross all our time to the exclusion of useful employment.
British Dictionary definitions for engross

engross

/ɪnˈɡrəʊs/
verb (transitive)
1.
to occupy one's attention completely; absorb
2.
to write or copy (manuscript) in large legible handwriting
3.
(law) to write or type out formally (a deed, agreement, or other document) preparatory to execution
4.
another word for corner (sense 21b)
Derived Forms
engrossed, adjective
engrossedly (ɪnˈɡrəʊsɪdlɪ) adverb
engrosser, noun
Word Origin
C14 (in the sense: to buy up wholesale): from Old French en gros in quantity; C15 (in the sense: to write in large letters): probably from Medieval Latin ingrossāre; both from Latin grossus thick, gross
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for engross
v.

c.1400, "to buy up the whole stock of" (in Anglo-French from c.1300), from Old French en gros "in bulk, in a large quantity, at wholesale," as opposed to en detail. See gross.

Figurative sense of "absorb the whole attention" is first attested 1709. A parallel engross, meaning "to write (something) in large letters," is from Anglo-French engrosser, from Old French en gros "in large (letters)." Related: Engrossed; engrossing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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