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engross

[en-grohs] /ɛnˈgroʊs/
verb (used with object)
1.
to occupy completely, as the mind or attention; absorb:
Their discussion engrossed his attention. She is engrossed in her work.
2.
to write or copy in a clear, attractive, large script or in a formal manner, as a public document or record:
to engross a deed.
3.
to acquire the whole of (a commodity), in order to control the market; monopolize.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English engros(s)en to gather in large quantities, draft (a will, etc.) in final form < Anglo-French engrosser, partly < Medieval Latin ingrossāre to thicken, write large and thick (Latin in- in-2 + gross(us) thick + -āre infinitive suffix); partly < Anglo-French, Middle French en gros in quantity, wholesale < Latin in + grossus; see gross
Related forms
engrossedly
[en-groh-sid-lee, -grohst-] /ɛnˈgroʊ sɪd li, -ˈgroʊst-/ (Show IPA),
adverb
engrosser, noun
reengross, verb (used with object)
self-engrossed, adjective
unengrossed, adjective
Synonyms
1. involve, immerse, engage.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for engrossed
  • It has been engrossed and encased in a leather covering.
  • Apparently the university was too engrossed in planning to notice that the dean was sometimes away on job interviews.
  • The entire country has been engrossed by the spectacle.
  • In bars and cafés, people are often so engrossed in conversation that they are unaware of the camera.
  • engrossed as she was in her iPod, however, she didn't notice us.
  • As other patrons become engrossed in conversations or the paper, calmly lift the camera to your eye and make your exposure.
  • But after an hour, airport officials had to urge them to leave, so engrossed were they in sharing memories.
  • He certainly doesn't always do that, especially when he is engrossed in something.
  • It is in no way surprising, therefore, that an increasing number of able authors have become engrossed with the subject.
  • Graduate students are ordinarily a quiet insular lot, engrossed in esoteric pursuits.
British Dictionary definitions for engrossed

engross

/ɪnˈɡrəʊs/
verb (transitive)
1.
to occupy one's attention completely; absorb
2.
to write or copy (manuscript) in large legible handwriting
3.
(law) to write or type out formally (a deed, agreement, or other document) preparatory to execution
4.
another word for corner (sense 21b)
Derived Forms
engrossed, adjective
engrossedly (ɪnˈɡrəʊsɪdlɪ) adverb
engrosser, noun
Word Origin
C14 (in the sense: to buy up wholesale): from Old French en gros in quantity; C15 (in the sense: to write in large letters): probably from Medieval Latin ingrossāre; both from Latin grossus thick, gross
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for engrossed

engross

v.

c.1400, "to buy up the whole stock of" (in Anglo-French from c.1300), from Old French en gros "in bulk, in a large quantity, at wholesale," as opposed to en detail. See gross.

Figurative sense of "absorb the whole attention" is first attested 1709. A parallel engross, meaning "to write (something) in large letters," is from Anglo-French engrosser, from Old French en gros "in large (letters)." Related: Engrossed; engrossing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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