noun Education.
a doctrine that certain traditional concepts, ideals, and skills are essential to society and should be taught methodically to all students, regardless of individual ability, need, etc.
Compare progressivism.

1935–40; essential + -ism

essentialist, noun, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
essentialism (ɪˈsɛnʃəˌlɪzəm)
1.  philosophy one of a number of related doctrines which hold that there are necessary properties of things, that these are logically prior to the existence of the individuals which instantiate them, and that their classification depends upon their satisfaction of sets of necessary conditions
2.  the doctrine that education should concentrate on teaching basic skills and encouraging intellectual self-discipline

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Example sentences
These accidents are caused by essentialism, our ability to identify the essence of something pleasurable.
Taking this into consideration, it should be clear that the biological essentialism suggested by this article is obsolete.
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