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excruciating

[ik-skroo-shee-ey-ting] /ɪkˈskru ʃiˌeɪ tɪŋ/
adjective
1.
extremely painful; causing intense suffering; unbearably distressing; torturing:
an excruciating noise; excruciating pain.
2.
exceedingly elaborate or intense; extreme:
done with excruciating care.
Origin of excruciating
1655-1665
1655-65; excruciate + -ing2
Related forms
excruciatingly, adverb
unexcruciating, adjective
Synonyms
1. unbearable, insufferable, unendurable, agonizing, racking.

excruciate

[ik-skroo-shee-eyt] /ɪkˈskru ʃiˌeɪt/
verb (used with object), excruciated, excruciating.
1.
to inflict severe pain upon; torture:
The headache excruciated him.
2.
to cause mental anguish to; irritate greatly.
Origin
1560-70; < Latin excruciātus, past participle of excruciāre to torment, torture, equivalent to ex- ex-1 + cruciāre to torment, crucify (derivative of crux cross); see -ate1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for excruciating

excruciating

/ɪkˈskruːʃɪˌeɪtɪŋ/
adjective
1.
unbearably painful; agonizing
2.
intense; extreme: he took excruciating pains to do it well
3.
(informal) irritating; trying
4.
(jocular) very bad: an excruciating pun
Derived Forms
excruciatingly, adverb

excruciate

/ɪkˈskruːʃɪˌeɪt/
verb (transitive)
1.
to inflict mental suffering on; torment
2.
(obsolete) to inflict physical pain on; torture
Derived Forms
excruciation, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin excruciāre, from cruciāre to crucify, from crux cross
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for excruciating
adj.

1590s, present participle adjective from excruciate. Related: Excruciatingly.

excruciate

v.

1560s, from Latin excruciatus, past participle of excruciare "to torture, torment, rack, plague;" figuratively "to afflict, harass, vex, torment," from ex- "out, thoroughly" (see ex-) + cruciare "cause pain or anguish to," literally "crucify," from crux (genitive crucis) "cross."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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