extremely hungry: to be famished after a hike; famished, homeless multitudes.

1375–1425; late Middle English; see famish, -ed2

half-famished, adjective

See hungry.
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verb (used with object), verb (used without object) Archaic.
to suffer or cause to suffer extreme hunger; starve.
to starve to death.

1350–1400; Middle English famisshe, equivalent to famen to starve (< Anglo-French, Middle French afamer < Vulgar Latin *affamāre, equivalent to Latin af- af- + famāre, derivative of famēs hunger) + -isshe -ish2

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
famish (ˈfæmɪʃ)
1.  (now usually passive) to be or make very hungry or weak
2.  archaic to die or cause to die from starvation
3.  (Irish) to make very cold: I was famished with the cold
[C14: from Old French afamer, via Vulgar Latin, from Latin famēsfamine]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

c.1400, famen, aphetic of O.Fr. afamer, from V.L. *affamare "to bring to hunger," from ad famem, from L. fames "hunger." Ending changed mid-14c. to -ish under influence of ravish, anguish, etc. The intrans. sense is from 1520s. Related: Famished.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
He would act famished and would grab food as if he was starving.
It's not the lack of food, but the regime's refusal to let it reach the
Elephant ivory paid for weaponry, while other wildlife became bush meat for
  soldiers and famished villagers.
Bulimics often skip meals until they are famished and then binge and purge.
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