fermentation

[fur-men-tey-shuhn]
noun
1.
the act or process of fermenting.
2.
a change brought about by a ferment, as yeast enzymes, which convert grape sugar into ethyl alcohol.
3.
agitation; excitement.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English fermentacioun < Late Latin fermentātiōn- (stem of fermentātiō), equivalent to Latin fermentāt(us) fermented (see ferment, -ate1) + -iōn- -ion

nonfermentation, noun
prefermentation, noun
self-fermentation, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
fermentation (ˌfɜːmɛnˈteɪʃən)
 
n
Also called: ferment a chemical reaction in which a ferment causes an organic molecule to split into simpler substances, esp the anaerobic conversion of sugar to ethyl alcohol by yeastRelated: zymotic
 
Related: zymotic
 
fer'mentative
 
adj
 
fer'mentatively
 
adv
 
fer'mentativeness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

fermentation
late 14c., in alchemy, with a broad sense; modern scientific sense is from c.1600; from L. fermentationem, noun of action from fermentare (see ferment). Figurative use attested from 1650s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

fermentation fer·men·ta·tion (fûr'mən-tā'shən, -měn-)
n.
Any of a group of chemical reactions that split complex organic compounds into relatively simple substances, especially the anaerobic conversion of sugar to carbon dioxide and alcohol by yeast.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
fermentation   (fûr'měn-tā'shən)  Pronunciation Key 
The process by which complex organic compounds, such as glucose, are broken down by the action of enzymes into simpler compounds without the use of oxygen. Fermentation results in the production of energy in the form of two ATP molecules, and produces less energy than the aerobic process of cellular respiration. The other end products of fermentation differ depending on the organism. In many bacteria, fungi, protists, and animals cells (notably muscle cells in the body), fermentation produces lactic acid and lactate, carbon dioxide, and water. In yeast and most plant cells, fermentation produces ethyl alcohol, carbon dioxide, and water.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

fermentation definition


A chemical reaction in which sugars are broken down into smaller molecules that can be used in living systems. Alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine, and whiskey, are made from the controlled use of fermentation. Fermentation is an anaerobic process.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Hence a preference for the other obvious solution: adding water during the
  fermentation process.
It's a bottle-conditioned beer, meaning that it wasn't filtered after the final
  fermentation.
Bob primarily worked in environmental testing laboratories before switching to
  the fermentation industry.
Nothing broadcasts the presence of ripe, digestible fruit as effectively as the
  aroma of fermentation.
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