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fermentation

[fur-men-tey-shuh n] /ˌfɜr mɛnˈteɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
the act or process of fermenting.
2.
a change brought about by a ferment, as yeast enzymes, which convert grape sugar into ethyl alcohol.
3.
agitation; excitement.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English fermentacioun < Late Latin fermentātiōn- (stem of fermentātiō), equivalent to Latin fermentāt(us) fermented (see ferment, -ate1) + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
nonfermentation, noun
prefermentation, noun
self-fermentation, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for fermentation
  • Hence a preference for the other obvious solution: adding water during the fermentation process.
  • It's a bottle-conditioned beer, meaning that it wasn't filtered after the final fermentation.
  • Bob primarily worked in environmental testing laboratories before switching to the fermentation industry.
  • Nothing broadcasts the presence of ripe, digestible fruit as effectively as the aroma of fermentation.
  • Energy can be recovered from organic wastes by a controlled fermentative process called dark fermentation.
  • Once extracted from pods that grow on the trees, cocoa beans are put through a natural fermentation process, then sun-dried.
  • fermentation continues for another few weeks, with no big surprises in store.
  • Instead they add a particular strain of cultured yeasts that guarantee smooth, predictable fermentation.
  • Prospero treads the thin line between fermentation and rot.
  • We need these grains for their sugar, which is necessary for the fermentation process.
British Dictionary definitions for fermentation

fermentation

/ˌfɜːmɛnˈteɪʃən/
noun
1.
a chemical reaction in which a ferment causes an organic molecule to split into simpler substances, esp the anaerobic conversion of sugar to ethyl alcohol by yeast Also called ferment, related adjective zymotic
Derived Forms
fermentative, adjective
fermentatively, adverb
fermentativeness, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for fermentation
n.

late 14c., in alchemy, with a broad sense; modern scientific sense is from c.1600; from Late Latin fermentationem (nominative fermentatio), noun of action from fermentare (see ferment (v.)). Figurative use attested from 1650s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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fermentation in Medicine

fermentation fer·men·ta·tion (fûr'mən-tā'shən, -měn-)
n.
Any of a group of chemical reactions that split complex organic compounds into relatively simple substances, especially the anaerobic conversion of sugar to carbon dioxide and alcohol by yeast.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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fermentation in Science
fermentation
  (fûr'měn-tā'shən)   
The process by which complex organic compounds, such as glucose, are broken down by the action of enzymes into simpler compounds without the use of oxygen. Fermentation results in the production of energy in the form of two ATP molecules, and produces less energy than the aerobic process of cellular respiration. The other end products of fermentation differ depending on the organism. In many bacteria, fungi, protists, and animals cells (notably muscle cells in the body), fermentation produces lactic acid and lactate, carbon dioxide, and water. In yeast and most plant cells, fermentation produces ethyl alcohol, carbon dioxide, and water.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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fermentation in Culture

fermentation definition


A chemical reaction in which sugars are broken down into smaller molecules that can be used in living systems. Alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine, and whiskey, are made from the controlled use of fermentation. Fermentation is an anaerobic process.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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