Dictionary.com Unabridged

flavor

[fley-ver]
noun
1.
taste, especially the distinctive taste of something as it is experienced in the mouth.
2.
a substance or extract that provides a particular taste; flavoring.
3.
the characteristic quality of a thing: He captured the flavor of the experience in his book.
4.
a particular quality noticeable in a thing: language with a strong nautical flavor.
5.
Physics. any of the six labels given to the distinct kinds of quark: up, down, strange, charm, bottom, and top.
6.
Archaic. smell, odor, or aroma.
verb (used with object)
7.
to give flavor to (something).
Also, especially British, flavour.


Origin:
1300–50; Middle English < Middle French fla(o)ur < Late Latin *flātor stench, breath, alteration of Latin flātus a blowing, breathing, (see flatus), perhaps with -or of fētor fetor

flavorless, adjective
deflavor, verb (used with object)
overflavor, verb
preflavor, noun, verb (used with object)
unflavored, adjective
well-flavored, adjective


1. See taste. 2. seasoning. 3. essence, spirit.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
flavouring or (US) flavoring (ˈfleɪvərɪŋ)
 
n
a substance used to impart a particular flavour to food: rum flavouring
 
flavoring or (US) flavoring
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

flavor
c.1300, "a smell, odor," from O.Fr. flaour "smell, odor," from V.L. flator "odor," lit. "that which blows," from L. flator "blower," from flare "to blow, puff," which is cognate with O.E. blawan (see blow (v.1)). The same V.L. source produced O.It. fiatore "a bad odor." Sense
of "taste, savor" is 1697, originally "the element in taste which depends on the sense of smell." The -v- is perhaps from infl. of savor.

flavoring
1845 as a noun meaning "thing that gives flavor," from flavor. M.E. flauryng meant "perfume."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
flavor   (flā'vər)  Pronunciation Key 
Any of six classifications of quark varieties, distinguished by mass and electric charge. The flavors have the names up, down, strange, charm, top, and bottom. Protons in atomic nuclei are composed of two up quarks and one down quark, while neutrons consist of one up quark and two down quarks. The flavor of a quark may be changed in interactions involving the weak force.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

flavoring

any of the liquid extracts, essences, and flavours that are added to foods to enhance their taste and aroma. Flavourings are prepared from essential oils, such as almond and lemon; from vanilla; from fresh fruits by expression; from ginger by extraction; from mixtures of essential oils and synthetic organic chemicals; or entirely from synthetic chemicals, with alcohol, glycerol, propylene glycol, alone or in combination, as solvents. Water is added and sometimes certified food colour as well.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
The evaporated aromatics can then be captured and added back to liquor as
  flavoring.
She now thinks it more likely means cardamom, which was a common flavoring in
  food and drink.
It is essentially grain alcohol cut with water and an added flavoring agent.
Butter flavoring is mixed with oils and other ingredients and added to the bag
  during microwave popcorn production.
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