1350–1400; Middle English < Old Norse geldingr. See geld1, -ing3 Unabridged


1 [geld]
verb (used with object), gelded or gelt, gelding.
to castrate (an animal, especially a horse).
to take strength, vitality, or power from; weaken or subdue.

1250–1300; Middle English gelden < Old Norse gelda

gelder, noun
ungelded, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
geld1 (ɡɛld)
vb , gelds, gelding, gelded, gelt
1.  to castrate (a horse or other animal)
2.  to deprive of virility or vitality; emasculate; weaken
[C13: from Old Norse gelda, from geldr barren]

geld2 (ɡɛld)
a tax on land levied in late Anglo-Saxon and Norman England
[Old English gield service, tax; related to Old Norse gjald tribute, Old Frisian jeld, Old High German gelt retribution, income]

gelding (ˈɡɛldɪŋ)
a castrated male horse
[C14: from Old Norse geldingr; see geld1, -ing1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

"royal tax in Medieval England," O.E. gield "payment, tribute" (cf. M.H.G. gelt "payment, contribution," Ger. geld "money," O.N. gjald "payment," Goth. gild "tribute, tax"), from PIE base of yield (q.v.).

"to castrate," c.1300, from O.N. gelda "castrate," from geldr "barren," from P.Gmc. *galdu- (cf. O.H.G. galt "barren," said of a cow). The noun gelding (1296) is from O.N. geldingr.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
He was a high spirited five year old grey mustang gelding.
Only horses that have been selected and all paper work filled out by the time gelding starts will not be gelded.
Two more burros, a jenny and a gelding, are available for adoption at the facility.
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